4,412 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Insights into the dynamic control of breathing revealed through cell-type-specific responses to substance P

    Nathan A Baertsch, Jan-Marino Ramirez
    The neuromodulator substance P enhances mechanisms of recurrent excitation between breaths to control breathing frequency and stability.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Centering and symmetry breaking in confined contracting actomyosin networks

    Niv Ierushalmi et al.
    Novel mechanisms for cellular centering and symmetry breaking involving persistent contractile actomyosin flows and their hydrodynamic interactions with the fluid cytosol are presented and studied using a minimal, reconstituted system.
    1. Neuroscience

    Opioids depress breathing through two small brainstem sites

    Iris Bachmutsky et al.
    Opioids stop breathing during overdose by silencing two small brain sites, with just 140 neurons in the breathing rhythm generator exerting the key effect.
    1. Ecology

    Bleaching causes loss of disease resistance within the threatened coral species Acropora cervicornis

    Erinn M Muller et al.
    Standing genetic variation for disease resistance may be continuously lost during recurring warm water episodes because of widespread susceptibility of disease-resistant genotypes to bleaching and the independence between these two traits.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Energetic and physical limitations on the breaching performance of large whales

    Paolo S Segre et al.
    Muscle power-generating capabilities, and not energetic limitations, limit the breaching abilities of the largest whales.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Animal Behavior: Whale breaching says it loud and clear

    Alexander J Werth, Charles L Lemon
    A whale leaping above the surface expends an enormous amount of energy, displaying its health and strength to peers and potential mates.
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    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Brain Networks: Modeling breathing rhythms

    Jan-Marino Ramirez, Nathan A Baertsch
    Computational models are helping researchers to understand how certain properties of neurons contribute to respiratory rhythms.
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    1. Neuroscience

    Rhythmogenic Networks: The ins and outs of breathing

    Jan-Marino Ramirez et al.
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    1. Neuroscience

    Opioids modulate an emergent rhythmogenic process to depress breathing

    Xiaolu Sun et al.
    Inspiratory rhythmogenesis is mediated by an emergent mechanism independent of bursts associated with motor output and is modulated by opioids, pointing to strategies for ameliorating opioid-induced respiratory depression.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Active torque generation by the actomyosin cell cortex drives left–right symmetry breaking

    Sundar Ram Naganathan et al.
    The actomyosin cytoskeleton generates active chiral torques that lead to left-right asymmetry in C. elegans embryos.

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