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    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Response to comment on 'AIRE-deficient patients harbor unique high-affinity disease-ameliorating autoantibodies'

    Christina Hertel et al.
    We are writing to reply to the comment by Landegren et al., 2019 about our study (Meyer et al., 2016) on disease-ameliorating autoantibodies.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Optimal evolutionary decision-making to store immune memory

    Oskar H Schnaack, Armita Nourmohammad
    Actively regulated immune memory differentiation, with a preference for cross-reactive receptors with moderate affinity against pathogens as opposed to high-affinity receptors, confers a long-term benefit to the host.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Escape from neutralizing antibodies by SARS-CoV-2 spike protein variants

    Yiska Weisblum et al.
    SARS-CoV-2 spike variants that resist neutralization by therapeutic antibodies or convalescent plasma can be generated in the laboratory and exist at low frequency in natural populations.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The inherent mutational tolerance and antigenic evolvability of influenza hemagglutinin

    Bargavi Thyagarajan, Jesse D Bloom
    Deep mutational scanning was used to comprehensively quantify the effects of mutations to influenza hemagglutinin and shows that the virus possesses a high inherent mutational tolerance at key antigenic sites.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Germline VRC01 antibody recognition of a modified clade C HIV-1 envelope trimer and a glycosylated HIV-1 gp120 core

    Andrew J Borst et al.
    An integrative structural and biophysical workflow indicates engagement of VRC01 germline antibodies can occur with a gp120 426c core construct containing all wild-type N-linked glycosylation sites, including the Asn276 glycan.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Multimeric single-domain antibody complexes protect against bunyavirus infections

    Paul J Wichgers Schreur et al.
    Llama-derived single-domain antibodies, formatted as bispecific antibodies with human Fc domains, reduce and prevent bunyavirus-induced morbidity and mortality in mice upon prophylactic and therapeutic administration.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure of HIV-1 gp41 with its membrane anchors targeted by neutralizing antibodies

    Christophe Caillat et al.
    The structure of gp41with its membrane anchors highlights the flexible linkage of the transmembrane regions and the fuson peptides, which generates an asymmetric conformation, a potential target of MPER bNAbs.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    TGF-β reduces DNA ds-break repair mechanisms to heighten genetic diversity and adaptability of CD44+/CD24− cancer cells

    Debjani Pal et al.
    Phenotypic diversity and cell state transition (i.e., acquisition of a CD44+/CD24- cell state or exposure to TGF-beta) can spur intra-tumor genetic heterogeneity and contribute to acquired resistance.
    1. Cell Biology

    YAP regulates cell size and growth dynamics via non-cell autonomous mediators

    Douaa Mugahid et al.
    Besides a cell autonomous role in regulating proliferation, YAP regulates the production of several extracellular molecules allowing for population-level coordination of cell growth and death.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Structure of the malaria vaccine candidate antigen CyRPA and its complex with a parasite invasion inhibitory antibody

    Paola Favuzza et al.
    The structure of the promising malaria blood-stage vaccine candidate antigen PfCyRPA and the characterization of a protective epitope are facilitating research on its essential role in parasite invasion, and will guide future epitope-focused vaccine design.