407 results found
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Differential impact of BTK active site inhibitors on the conformational state of full-length BTK

    Raji E Joseph et al.
    The first-in-class kinase inhibitor, Ibrutinib, destabilizes its autoinhibited Bruton’s tyrosine kinase (BTK) target, and a remote resistance mutation causes global structural changes that activate BTK catalytic activity.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Autoinhibition of Bruton's tyrosine kinase (Btk) and activation by soluble inositol hexakisphosphate

    Qi Wang et al.
    A key B-cell tyrosine kinase that adopts an autoinhibited conformation, and can be activated by either membrane recruitment or soluble inositol hexakisphosphates in solution.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Small-Molecule Inhibitors: Disrupting enzyme fluidity

    Ganesh Srinivasan Anand
    A combination of X-ray crystallography, NMR, and mass spectrometry has revealed how diverse small-molecule inhibitors bind Bruton’s tyrosine kinase and alter the conformation of this enzyme.
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    1. Neuroscience

    A mechanism in agrin signaling revealed by a prevalent Rapsyn mutation in congenital myasthenic syndrome

    Guanglin Xing et al.
    Asparagine 88 to lysine (N88K), a prevalent congenital myasthenic syndrome mutation of Rapsyn, impairs the neuromuscular junction by disrupting agrin signaling.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Deficient spermiogenesis in mice lacking Rlim

    Feng Wang et al.
    Genetic analyses in mice identifies Rlim in the spermatogenic cell lineage as a regulator of cytoplasmic reduction during spermiogenesis.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    EphA7 promotes myogenic differentiation via cell-cell contact

    Laura L Arnold et al.
    The juxtacrine signaling molecule EphA7, when expressed on terminally-differentiated myocytes, non-cell-autonomously induces adjacent myoblasts to also commit to terminal differentiation leading to rapid coordinated differentiation across the entire population.
    1. Neuroscience

    Presenilin/γ-secretase-dependent EphA3 processing mediates axon elongation through non-muscle myosin IIA

    Míriam Javier-Torrent et al.
    EphA signaling plays dual opposite roles on axon dynamics in neurons, so it inhibits and promotes axon growth through ligand binding and receptor processing, respectively.
    1. Cell Biology

    The transcription factor Hey and nuclear lamins specify and maintain cell identity

    Naama Flint Brodsly et al.
    Hey together with LaminC continuously supervise nuclear organisation and differentiated enterocyte identity, a regulation that is lost upon ageing, resulting in loss of gut homeostasis.
    1. Neuroscience

    Parkin contributes to synaptic vesicle autophagy in Bassoon-deficient mice

    Sheila Hoffmann-Conaway et al.
    The presynaptic scaffolding protein Bassoon is involved in regulating neurotransmitter release by controlling synaptic vesicle pool size and vesicular protein turnover through increased ubiquitination and Parkin-dependent autophagy.

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