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    1. Ecology

    Extinction risk and conservation of the world’s sharks and rays

    Nicholas K Dulvy et al.
    One-quarter of the Chondrichthyes have an elevated risk of extinction, mainly as a result of overfishing.
    1. Neuroscience

    A robust activity marking system for exploring active neuronal ensembles

    Andreas T Sørensen et al.
    A new system for tagging activated neuronal population offers multiple advantages over existing systems based on immediate early genes, including greater sensitivity and specificity, and suitability for easy application in species other than mice.
    1. Cell Biology

    The yeast H+-ATPase Pma1 promotes Rag/Gtr-dependent TORC1 activation in response to H+-coupled nutrient uptake

    Elie Saliba et al.
    The H+ influx coupled to nutrient uptake and the plasma membrane H+-ATPase are central actors of the activation of target of rapamycin complex 1 (TORC1) in budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae..
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Venous endothelin modulates responsiveness of cardiac sympathetic axons to arterial semaphorin

    Denise M Poltavski et al.
    Second-order guidance, a novel mechanism by which an initial guidance cue controls expression of a second guidance receptor, is required for precise refinement of axon trajectories during PNS development.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Polyploidy in the adult Drosophila brain

    Shyama Nandakumar et al.
    Terminally differentiated neurons and glia can re-enter the cell cycle to become polyploid in the adult fly brain, to protect cells from DNA damage-associated death.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Klp10A, a stem cell centrosome-enriched kinesin, balances asymmetries in Drosophila male germline stem cell division

    Cuie Chen et al.
    Microtubule-depolymerizing kinesin, Klp10A, prevents overgrowth of the mother centrosome to prevent undesirable asymmetries during asymmetric divisions of Drosophila male germline stem cells.
    1. Neuroscience

    Rhythmic coordination of hippocampal neurons during associative memory processing

    Lara M Rangel et al.
    Different rhythms uniquely contribute to task-related processing in the hippocampus, and changes in the rhythmic profile of the hippocampus reflect dynamic coordination of its cell activity.
    1. Cell Biology

    A new family of StART domain proteins at membrane contact sites has a role in ER-PM sterol transport

    Alberto T Gatta et al.
    A new family of sterol-specific lipid transfer proteins has been found that anchors in the endoplasmic reticulum; some of these proteins stretch across membrane contacts and mediate sterol traffic from the plasma membrane.
    1. Cell Biology

    Integrated control of transporter endocytosis and recycling by the arrestin-related protein Rod1 and the ubiquitin ligase Rsp5

    Michel Becuwe, Sébastien Léon
    A novel regulatory step in the endocytic pathway, which occurs post-internalization, takes place at the trans-Golgi network and involves the arrestin-related protein Rod1 and the ubiquitin ligase Rsp5.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    An atomic-resolution view of neofunctionalization in the evolution of apicomplexan lactate dehydrogenases

    Jeffrey I Boucher et al.
    The convergent evolution of unusually strict substrate specificity in apicomplexan LDHs arose by classic neofunctionalization of a duplicated MDH gene via few mutations of large effect.