14 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Neuroprotective effects of TRPA1 channels in the cerebral endothelium following ischemic stroke

    Paulo Wagner Pires, Scott Earley
    Acute hypoxia activates TRPA1 channels in cerebral artery endothelial cells to activate an early adaptive response to reduce tissue ischemic damage through vasodilation.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Neurovascular sequestration in paediatric P. falciparum malaria is visible clinically in the retina

    Valentina Barrera et al.
    Clinical, clinicopathological and image data from Malawian children shows that sequestration in P. falciparum cerebral malaria is visible clinically in the eye as orange retinal vessels and is strongly associated with death.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    T-cell calcium dynamics visualized in a ratiometric tdTomato-GCaMP6f transgenic reporter mouse

    Tobias X Dong et al.
    Salsa6f is a novel, ratiometric genetically encoded Ca2+ indicator that combines the power of ratiometric chemical Ca2+ indicators with the ability, when expressed transgenically, to image cellular Ca2+ signals amid complex tissue environments in vivo.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Intermittent Ca2+ signals mediated by Orai1 regulate basal T cell motility

    Tobias X Dong et al.
    Orai1 channels activate intermittently in motile T cells, generating calcium transients, detected by a novel genetically encoded indicator and inducing pauses that favor antigen scanning.
    1. Neuroscience

    Live calcium and mitochondrial imaging in the enteric nervous system of Parkinson patients and controls

    An-Sofie Desmet et al.
    In contrast to previous post-mortem or fixed tissue histochemical reports, live calcium and mitochondrial imaging data suggest that the enteric nervous system is not generally affected in Parkinson's disease patients.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Proximal clustering between BK and CaV1.3 channels promotes functional coupling and BK channel activation at low voltage

    Oscar Vivas et al.
    Super-resolution imaging reveals a novel multi-channel arrangement that explains how big potassium (BK) channel activation closely tracks the opening of low-voltage-activated L-type calcium channels.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Ion Channels: Poring over furrows

    Skylar ID Fisher, H Criss Hartzell
    Cryo-electron microscopy reveals the structure of a chloride channel that is closely related to a protein that transports lipids.
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    1. Neuroscience

    EM connectomics reveals axonal target variation in a sequence-generating network

    Jörgen Kornfeld et al.
    Combining light microscopy and electron microscopy uncovered patterns of neural connectivity in a zebra finch forebrain region capable of generating song-related sequential activity, contributing to our understanding of the neural circuitry that underlies skilled motor performance.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    N6-methyladenosine of HIV-1 RNA regulates viral infection and HIV-1 Gag protein expression

    Nagaraja Tirumuru et al.
    Human proteins that add or remove the methyladenosine modification of cellular RNA, or recognize methylated RNA significantly affect HIV-1 infection or viral protein synthesis in cells, suggesting an important role for HIV-1 RNA methylation in regulating viral replication.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Neuroscience

    Ca2+ entry into neurons is facilitated by cooperative gating of clustered CaV1.3 channels

    Claudia M Moreno et al.
    CaV1.3 channels of the short isoform are coupled via their C-terminal domains in a Ca2+-CaM-dependent manner, which facilitates Ca2+ influx and increases the discharge of hippocampal neurons.

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