286 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Sleep is bi-directionally modified by amyloid beta oligomers

    Güliz Gürel Özcan et al.
    Amyloid beta, the major component of plaques in Alzheimer's disease, acutely and reversibly signals to modulate sleep as a function of oligomeric length, independently of neuronal loss.
    1. Neuroscience

    Whole-organism behavioral profiling reveals a role for dopamine in state-dependent motor program coupling in C. elegans

    Nathan Cermak et al.
    Simultaneous quantification of each of the main motor programs in the roundworm C. elegans yields new insights into the neural mechanisms that coordinate animal behavior.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Distinct interactions of eIF4A and eIF4E with RNA helicase Ded1 stimulate translation in vivo

    Suna Gulay et al.
    Interactions of eIF4A and eIF4E with specific amino-acids in the N-terminal domain of DEAD-box helicase Ded1 enhance bulk polysome assembly and translation of reporter mRNAs with structured leaders in vivo.
    1. Neuroscience

    Flexible motor sequence generation during stereotyped escape responses

    Yuan Wang et al.
    Time-ordered and flexible motor sequences in C.elegans are generated by combining an excitatory feedforward coupling and mutual inhibitions between neurons in different functional modules.
    1. Neuroscience

    Apical length governs computational diversity of layer 5 pyramidal neurons

    Alessandro R Galloni et al.
    Layer 5 pyramidal neurons vary substantially in dendritic excitability between primary and secondary visual cortex, likely due to a counterintuitive amplifying effect of long apical dendrites.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cancer Biology

    Identification of a novel toxicophore in anti-cancer chemotherapeutics that targets mitochondrial respiratory complex I

    Zoe A Stephenson et al.
    A novel toxicophore, a 1H-1,2,3-triazole, has been identified in a wide-number of therapeutically-relevant compounds, including two anti-cancer chemotherapeutics, which inhibits mitochondria function and is mechanistically linked to adverse cardiac-cell events.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Genome editing enables reverse genetics of multicellular development in the choanoflagellate Salpingoeca rosetta

    David S Booth, Nicole King
    Genome editing in the choanoflagellate Salpingoeca rosetta opens newfound possibilities to functionally probe choanoflagellate genes that may illuminate the origin of their closest relatives, the animals.
    1. Neuroscience

    Mature oligodendrocytes bordering lesions limit demyelination and favor myelin repair via heparan sulfate production

    Magali Macchi et al.
    Heparan sulfate synthesis by mature oligodendrocytes creates a protective and permissive environment controling microglia and oligodendrocyte progenitors reactivation during remyelination.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Aberrant subchondral osteoblastic metabolism modifies NaV1.8 for osteoarthritis

    Jianxi Zhu et al.
    Osteoblastic PGE2 induces pain and OA progression by NaV1.8 modification and serves as a potential target multiple skeletal pain and degenerations.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Apolipoprotein L-1 renal risk variants form active channels at the plasma membrane driving cytotoxicity

    Joseph A Giovinazzo et al.
    Cytotoxicity associated with APOL1 renal-risk variants occurs through its plasma-membrane localization, where aberrant channel activity drives a sustained sodium and calcium influx leading to cell swelling and eventually cell death.

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