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    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Extensive alternative splicing transitions during postnatal skeletal muscle development are required for calcium handling functions

    Amy E Brinegar et al.
    Global transcriptome changes, particularly alternative splicing, are highly dynamic the first 2 weeks after birth, and the example of calcineurin A splicing exemplifies the importance of alternative splicing during skeletal muscle development.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Guanylate binding proteins directly attack Toxoplasma gondii via supramolecular complexes

    Elisabeth Kravets et al.
    Cellular immunity against Toxoplasma parasites is orchestrated by GBP complexes attacking the parasite membrane.
    1. Neuroscience

    Distinct roles of NMDA receptors at different stages of granule cell development in the adult brain

    Yangling Mu et al.
    NMDARs promote spine formation to control survival of adult-born granule cells, but gauge spine enlargement and recruitment of AMPARs in both developing and mature neurons.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Neuropilin-1 functions as a VEGFR2 co-receptor to guide developmental angiogenesis independent of ligand binding

    Maria V Gelfand et al.
    Interactions between Neuropilin-1 and VEGFR2, rather than VEGF-Neuropilin-1 binding, underlie Neuropilin-1's critical function in VEGF-mediated vascular development.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Agonist-mediated switching of ion selectivity in TPC2 differentially promotes lysosomal function

    Susanne Gerndt et al.
    The lysosomal ion channel TPC2 emerges as an example of an ion channel in which ion selectivity is not fixed but rather agonist-selective.
    1. Neuroscience

    Rapid regulation of vesicle priming explains synaptic facilitation despite heterogeneous vesicle:Ca2+ channel distances

    Janus RL Kobbersmed et al.
    Heterogeneous distances between vesicles and Ca2+-channels make synapses prone to short-term depression, however, Ca2+-dependent increases in the number of release-ready vesicles supports facilitation even with broadly distributed vesicle:Ca2+-channel distances.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Development, calibration, and validation of a novel human ventricular myocyte model in health, disease, and drug block

    Jakub Tomek et al.
    A computer model of human cardiomyocyte was produced and validated on independent datasets, overcoming shortcomings of its predecessors, also yielding broadly relevant insights and results on major ionic currents.
    1. Neuroscience

    The computation of directional selectivity in the Drosophila OFF motion pathway

    Eyal Gruntman et al.
    ON and OFF visual motion is computed with the same algorithm despite differences in circuit architecture.
    1. Neuroscience

    Gi/o protein-coupled receptors in dopamine neurons inhibit the sodium leak channel NALCN

    Fabian Philippart, Zayd M Khaliq
    The sodium leak NALCN channel functions as a core effector of GABA-B and D2 receptors that is used along with GIRK channels to regulate action potential firing in dopamine neurons.
    1. Neuroscience

    Oligodendrocytes control potassium accumulation in white matter and seizure susceptibility

    Valerie A Larson et al.
    Oligodendrocytes in white matter use Kir4.1 inwardly rectifying potassium channels to prevent extracellular potassium accumulation, enabling neurons to sustain repetitive firing and limiting the initiation of seizures.