1,086 results found
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Structural mechanism of ligand activation in human calcium-sensing receptor

    Yong Geng et al.
    L-amino acids are agonists of calcium-sensing receptor, and act jointly with calcium and phosphate ions to control receptor function.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural insights into the activation of human calcium-sensing receptor

    Xiaochen Chen et al.
    The cryo-electron microscopy structures of inactive and active states of calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) reveal the activation mechanisms of CaSR.
    1. Neuroscience

    Enhanced excitability of cortical neurons in low-divalent solutions is primarily mediated by altered voltage-dependence of voltage-gated sodium channels

    Briana J Martiszus et al.
    External calcium regulates neuronal excitability via its actions on voltage-gated sodium channels but not by regulating NALCN via the calcium-sensing receptor.
    1. Neuroscience

    The Ionotropic Receptors IR21a and IR25a mediate cool sensing in Drosophila

    Lina Ni et al.
    Two members of a widely studied family of chemoreceptors, the "orphan" chemoreceptor IR21a and its putative co-receptor IR25a, act together to mediate cool sensation in fruit fly larvae.
    1. Plant Biology

    Calcium specificity signaling mechanisms in abscisic acid signal transduction in Arabidopsis guard cells

    Benjamin Brandt et al.
    The calcium-dependent signaling pathway during ABA-dependent stomatal closure requires the calcium-independent pathway, and calcium signaling specificity is mediated by PP2C protein phosphatases.
    1. Neuroscience

    Corollary discharge promotes a sustained motor state in a neural circuit for navigation

    Ni Ji et al.
    A primary sensory interneuron in the thermotaxis circuit of C. elegans integrates sensory input and corollary discharge to drive persistent navigational states and movement towards preferred environments.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Ciliary chemosensitivity is enhanced by cilium geometry and motility

    David Hickey et al.
    Chemical receptors located on cilia can achieve particle capture rates that are many times higher than receptors located on a flat epithelial surface.
    1. Neuroscience

    Antinociceptive modulation by the adhesion GPCR CIRL promotes mechanosensory signal discrimination

    Sven Dannhäuser et al.
    An interdisciplinary approach uncovers a new antinociceptive molecular mechanism and shows that the adhesion GPCR CIRL adjusts the sensation of gentle touch and noxious mechanical insult in opposite directions.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Arterial smooth muscle cell PKD2 (TRPP1) channels regulate systemic blood pressure

    Simon Bulley et al.
    Arterial myocyte PKD2 channels are activated by vasoconstrictor stimuli, which increases blood pressure, are upregulated during hypertension and cell-specific knockout in vivo reduces both physiological blood pressure and hypertension.
    1. Neuroscience

    Astrocytic modulation of excitatory synaptic signaling in a mouse model of Rett syndrome

    Benjamin Rakela et al.
    Astrocytes impact neuronal signaling in brain dependent on status of the transcriptional repressor, Methyl CpG Binding Protein 2.

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