351 results found
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The Cryo-EM structure of pannexin 1 reveals unique motifs for ion selection and inhibition

    Kevin Michalski et al.
    The structure of a pannexin 1 uncovers the extracellular loops of pannexin 1 as important structural motifs for ion selectivity and channel inhibition.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    CO2 directly modulates connexin 26 by formation of carbamate bridges between subunits

    Louise Meigh et al.
    A CO2 receptor and a mechanism for the CO2-mediated opening of gap junction hemichannels have been identified.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    ATP and large signaling metabolites flux through caspase-activated Pannexin 1 channels

    Adishesh K Narahari et al.
    Purified Pannexin 1 channels activated by caspase cleavage in proteoliposomes reconstitute a permeation pathway for intercellular signaling molecules important in inflammation and cell clearance.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Connexin-43-dependent ATP release mediates macrophage activation during sepsis

    Michel Dosch et al.
    Autocrine activation of macrophages is modulated by Connexin-43-mediated ATP release in response to TLR-4 and -2 agonists in a P2Y1-dependent manner, ultimately determining sepsis survival.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    N-glycosylation in the protease domain of trypsin-like serine proteases mediates calnexin-assisted protein folding

    Hao Wang et al.
    N-glycans commonly present in the protease domains are required for calnexin-mediated protein folding and intracellular trafficking.
    1. Cell Biology

    Single-cell dynamics of pannexin-1-facilitated programmed ATP loss during apoptosis

    Hiromi Imamura et al.
    Cleavage of pannexin-1 channel by caspases facilitates the loss of intracellular ATP level and attenuates glycolytic metabolism of apoptotic cells.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Gap junctions composed of connexins 41.8 and 39.4 are essential for colour pattern formation in zebrafish

    Uwe Irion et al.
    Melanophores and xanthophores interact via heteromeric gap junctions composed of Connexin 41.8 and Connexin 39.4 to establish the adult pigment pattern in zebrafish.
    1. Cell Biology

    Centrosome age regulates kinetochore–microtubule stability and biases chromosome mis-segregation

    Ivana Gasic et al.
    The presence of cenexin at the old centrosome imposes a functional asymmetry on the mitotic spindle that impacts chromosome alignment and segregation.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Ion Channels: Taking a close look at a large-pore channel

    Pablo S Gaete, Jorge E Contreras
    The structure of pannexin 1, a channel protein with a large pore, has been determined for the first time.
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    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    ER-luminal [Ca2+] regulation of InsP3 receptor gating mediated by an ER-luminal peripheral Ca2+-binding protein

    Horia Vais et al.
    Calcium release from the endoplasmic reticulum through the IP3 receptor ion channel is strongly regulated by a calcium-binding protein in the lumen of the endoplasmic reticulum.

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