126 results found
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Antigen presentation and tumor immunogenicity in cancer immunotherapy response prediction

    Shixiang Wang et al.
    Tumor immunogenicity is quantified with a novel method, and the resulting tumor immunogenicity score is an effective tumor-inherent biomarker for prediction of response to immune checkpoint inhibitors.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Landscape mapping of shared antigenic epitopes and their cognate TCRs of tumor-infiltrating T lymphocytes in melanoma

    Kenji Murata et al.
    A library of the paired peptide/HLA multimers and artificial APCs allows for construction of a large database of class I-restricted peptides and cognate tumor-reactive TCR genes at an unprecedented scale.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Tumors attenuating the mitochondrial activity in T cells escape from PD-1 blockade therapy

    Alok Kumar et al.
    Downregulation of mitochondrial activity by immunosuppressive tumor-derived soluble factors leads to systemic unresponsiveness to the PD-1 blockade therapy.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    SLAMF6​ deficiency augments tumor killing and skews toward an effector phenotype revealing it as a novel T cell checkpoint

    Emma Hajaj et al.
    SLAMF6 is an inhibitory checkpoint of T cells, the lack of which leads to better tumor control, suggesting a new immunotherapy target.
    1. Cancer Biology

    T-cell co-stimulation in combination with targeting FAK drives enhanced anti-tumor immunity

    Marta Canel et al.
    Cancer cell expression of the T-cell co-stimulatory molecule CD80, or treatment with agonistic antibodies targeting the T-cell co-stimulatory receptors OX-40 or 4-1BB, enhances the anti-tumor activity of FAK inhibition.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Long-term intravital imaging of the multicolor-coded tumor microenvironment during combination immunotherapy

    Shuhong Qi et al.
    Tregs form an "immunosuppressive ring" around solid tumors that is broken down during adoptive cell therapy and cyclophosphamide combination immunotherapy.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Cancer-associated fibroblasts and their influence on tumor immunity and immunotherapy

    Richard Lee Barrett, Ellen Puré
    Long under-appreciated, fibroblast biology is a key aspect of understanding how the immune system responds to tumors and may hold the key to improving immunotherapy in this tricky space.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Domain-swapped T cell receptors improve the safety of TCR gene therapy

    Michael T Bethune et al.
    Engineered T cell receptors enable targeted immunotherapy with a reduced risk of harmful autoimmunity.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structures of diverse poxin cGAMP nucleases reveal a widespread role for cGAS-STING evasion in host–pathogen conflict

    James B Eaglesham et al.
    Poxin enzymes are a diverse family of insect and viral 2′3′-cGAMP nucleases, which evolved from self-cleaving RNA virus accessory proteases.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Genome-wide CRISPR screens of oral squamous cell carcinoma reveal fitness genes in the Hippo pathway

    Annie Wai Yeeng Chai et al.
    Genome-wide CRISPR/Cas9 screens enable the identification of actionable vulnerabilities of oral squamous cell carcinoma, and their unique dependencies on YAP1 and WWTR1 of the Hippo pathway.

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