1,048 results found
    1. Cancer Biology

    Lactate-mediated epigenetic reprogramming regulates formation of human pancreatic cancer-associated fibroblasts

    Tushar D Bhagat et al.
    Lactate in pancreatic cancer micro-environment can lead to TET enzyme activation and loss of DNA methylation seen in cancer associated fibroblasts.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Matrix-regulated integrin αvβ5 maintains α5β1-dependent desmoplastic traits prognostic of neoplastic recurrence

    Janusz Franco-Barraza et al.
    Stromal cell levels and localization of active α5β1-integrin are regulated by desmoplastic extracellular matrix control of αvβ5-integrin signaling, and predict clinical outcomes for pancreatic and renal cancer patients.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Cancer Biology

    Tumor microenvironment derived exosomes pleiotropically modulate cancer cell metabolism

    Hongyun Zhao et al.
    Exosomes from cancer-associated fibroblasts enhance the "Warburg effect" in tumors and contain de novo metabolites that can contribute to the entire compendia of central carbon metabolism within cancer cells.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Squamous trans-differentiation of pancreatic cancer cells promotes stromal inflammation

    Tim DD Somerville et al.
    A major consequence of ductal-to-squamous lineage transition in pancreatic cancer cells is to augment inflammation, which may explain the exceptionally poor clinical outcomes of squamous-subtype tumors.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Cancer-associated fibroblasts and their influence on tumor immunity and immunotherapy

    Richard Lee Barrett, Ellen Puré
    Long under-appreciated, fibroblast biology is a key aspect of understanding how the immune system responds to tumors and may hold the key to improving immunotherapy in this tricky space.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Osterix-Cre marks distinct subsets of CD45- and CD45+ stromal populations in extra-skeletal tumors with pro-tumorigenic characteristics

    Biancamaria Ricci et al.
    Osterix, a transcription factor regulating osteoblast differentiation and bone formation, is expressed in subsets of CAFs with osteogenic features and marks tumor infiltrating immune populations enriched in immune suppressive markers.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    A novel L1CAM isoform with angiogenic activity generated by NOVA2-mediated alternative splicing

    Francesca Angiolini et al.
    Endothelial cells express a soluble isoform of the L1CAM cell adhesion molecule that is generated by the splicing factor NOVA2 and induces angiogenesis, with relevant implications for ovarian cancer vascularization.
    1. Cancer Biology

    MELK expression correlates with tumor mitotic activity but is not required for cancer growth

    Christopher J Giuliano et al.
    Cancer cells can grow in vitro and in vivo in the absence of maternal embryonic leucine zipper kinase (MELK).
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Translational regulation of protrusion-localized RNAs involves silencing and clustering after transport

    Konstadinos Moissoglu et al.
    RNAs enriched at cell protrusions are translated regardless of their location in the cytoplasm but are dynamically repressed in retracting protrusions and incorporated into heterogeneous RNA clusters.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Mice deficient of Myc super-enhancer region reveal differential control mechanism between normal and pathological growth

    Kashyap Dave et al.
    A tumor-specific regulatory region has been identified upstream of the Myc oncogene.

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