Cryo-EM structure of monomeric human Frizzled5 was determined with a universal fiducial antibody at 3.7 Å overall resolution, which supports a simple Fzd/LRP6 heterodimerization mechanism of canonical Wnt/β-catenin signaling.
Analysis of axial polarity distributions shows that Wnt5a regulates collective cell migration in vivo by stabilizing vinculin at adherens junctions and fine-tuning mechanocoupling between neighbouring cells.
Discs large homologue 1 (Dlg1) activates beta-catenin (i.e., canonical Wnt) signaling in CNS endothelial cells to regulate retinal angiogenesis and the development and maintenance of the blood-brain and blood-retina barriers.
The ligand-binding pocket of the Dishevelled PDZ domain can be occupied by Dishevelled's own highly conserved C-terminus, inducing a closed conformation that is ‘opened’ when Wnt signaling stimulates interaction between Frizzled and Dishevelled.
Kif26b, a new component of the evolutionarily conserved Wnt5a-Ror signaling pathway, is controlled by regulated proteolysis and plays crucial roles in mediating vertebrate embryonic tissue morphogenesis.