405 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    VEGF signaling regulates the fate of obstructed capillaries in mouse cortex

    Patrick Reeson et al.
    Mapping the fate of clogged brain capillaries reveals that VEGF signaling plays a critical role in dictating whether capillaries regain blood flow and persist or are pruned from the vascular tree.
    1. Neuroscience

    Capillary pericytes express α-smooth muscle actin, which requires prevention of filamentous-actin depolymerization for detection

    Luis Alarcon-Martinez et al.
    Pericytes surrounding capillaries in the retina contain α-smooth muscle actin, demonstrating that pericytes have the necessary molecular machinery to change capillary diameter during neurovascular coupling.
    1. Cell Biology

    Capillary pericytes mediate coronary no-reflow after myocardial ischaemia

    Fergus M O'Farrell et al.
    Lack of reperfusion of cardiac capillaries, when an upstream artery is unblocked following heart attack, reflects contractile pericytes constricting capillaries and preventing blood flow, implying that cardiac pericytes are a therapeutic target for treating cardiac ischaemia.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    GPIHBP1 expression in gliomas promotes utilization of lipoprotein-derived nutrients

    Xuchen Hu et al.
    The expression of the lipoprotein lipase (LPL) transporter GPIHBP1 in glioma capillaries promotes the LPL-mediated processing of triglyceride-rich lipoproteins, thereby providing lipid nutrients for glioma cells.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    PIP2 depletion promotes TRPV4 channel activity in mouse brain capillary endothelial cells

    Osama F Harraz et al.
    TRPV4 channels in brain capillaries are suppressed by the phosphoinositide PIP2 and activated by receptor agonists implicated in neurovascular coupling.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Imaging single-cell blood flow in the smallest to largest vessels in the living retina

    Aby Joseph et al.
    By using a specialized camera that corrects for eye blur, millions of single-blood-cells are imaged, and their speed measured, as they travel through the largest-to-smallest vessels of the retina.
    1. Neuroscience

    Apolipoprotein M-bound sphingosine-1-phosphate regulates blood–brain barrier paracellular permeability and transcytosis

    Mette Mathiesen Janiurek et al.
    Shortage of blood-borne apolipoprotein-M–bound sphingosine-1-phosphate, which accompanies various brain disorders, causes paracellular leak and increase in transcytosis at the blood–brain barrier, which can be reversed, thus is of clinical relevance.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    EphrinB2-EphB4 signalling provides Rho-mediated homeostatic control of lymphatic endothelial cell junction integrity

    Maike Frye et al.
    EphrinB2/EphB4-mediated regulation of cytoskeletal contractility is a key homeostatic mechanism of lymphatic endothelial cell-cell junction maintenance, and provides a potential target for therapeutic modulation of lymphatic vessel permeability and function.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Longitudinal analysis of Plasmodium sporozoite motility in the dermis reveals component of blood vessel recognition

    Christine S Hopp et al.
    Malaria parasites enter the host via the skin, where they are inoculated by an infected mosquito as it probes for blood: the inoculation site is a bottleneck for the parasite and the only time when the parasite is extracellular for more than a few minutes, thus possibly presenting the best opportunity for antibody-mediated inhibition of infection.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Medicine

    Inflammation rapidly recruits mammalian GMP and MDP from bone marrow into regional lymphatics

    Juana Serrano-Lopez et al.
    Endotoxemia recruits fast-acting anti-inflammatory innate myeloid progenitors from bone marrow into regional lymphatics through release of pre-formed Ccl19 secondary to NF-κB-independent, Traf6/IκB kinase-dependent signaling.

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