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    1. Neuroscience

    PDF neuron firing phase-shifts key circadian activity neurons in Drosophila

    Fang Guo et al.
    A few circadian ‘evening’ neurons within the Drosophila brain play a key role in driving activity as well as keeping time, whereas the well-known PDF-containing morning cells are likely involved in integrating and transmitting light information.
    1. Neuroscience

    CA1 cell activity sequences emerge after reorganization of network correlation structure during associative learning

    Mehrab N Modi et al.
    As mice learn to associate events separated in time, neurons within the CA1 region of the hippocampus progressively reorganize their firing patterns, leading to a relay of cellular activity that bridges the two events.
    1. Neuroscience

    Adaptation of spontaneous activity in the developing visual cortex

    Marina E Wosniack et al.
    To generate stable and robust connectivity refinements, the amplitude of spontaneous activity events in the developing visual cortex adapts to the recent history of cortical activation.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Activity-dependent modulation of synapse-regulating genes in astrocytes

    Isabella Farhy-Tselnicker et al.
    RNA sequencing and genetic mouse models reveal that transcriptional changes to astrocytes in the developing cortex are not intrinsic but influenced by their environment and determine that expression of astrocyte synapse-regulating genes and neuronal synaptogenesis is modulated by ongoing astrocyte-neuron communication.
    1. Neuroscience

    Synchronous activity patterns in the dentate gyrus during immobility

    Martin Pofahl et al.
    Two-photon in vivo calcium imaging reveals short time-scale, synchronous and sparse population activity in dentate gyrus that replays place-related information, and is important for formation of dentate-dependent spatial memory.
    1. Neuroscience

    Experience shapes activity dynamics and stimulus coding of VIP inhibitory cells

    Marina Garrett et al.
    VIP inhibitory neurons are active in response to novel images but are suppressed by familiar stimuli and show ramping activity when expected stimuli are omitted.
    1. Neuroscience

    A causal role for the precuneus in network-wide theta and gamma oscillatory activity during complex memory retrieval

    Melissa Hebscher et al.
    Inhibitory noninvasive stimulation to the precuneus disrupts theta and gamma oscillatory coupling between medial temporal lobes and neocortical regions during complex personal memory retrieval.
    1. Neuroscience

    The influence of the descending pain modulatory system on infant pain-related brain activity

    Sezgi Goksan et al.
    Greater connectivity of the descending pain modulatory system network in the infant brain is associated with lower pain-related brain activity.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Acid-base transporters and pH dynamics in human breast carcinomas predict proliferative activity, metastasis, and survival

    Nicolai J Toft et al.
    Cellular acidity, capacity for net acid extrusion, and expression of acid-base transporters in human breast carcinomas independently predict variation in proliferative activity, lymph node metastasis, and patient survival.
    1. Neuroscience

    Pupal behavior emerges from unstructured muscle activity in response to neuromodulation in Drosophila

    Amicia D Elliott et al.
    The elementary units of a fruit fly behavioral sequence are described at single-muscle resolution and shown to exhibit variability that is subject to neuromodulatory regulation.