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    1. Cell Biology

    Dnmt3a is an epigenetic mediator of adipose insulin resistance

    Dongjoo You et al.
    Mouse and tissue culture studies reveal that adipose DNA methyltransferase 3a mediates insulin resistance, partially through repressing the expression of FGF21.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    The hazards of smoking and the benefits of cessation: a critical summation of the epidemiological evidence in high-income countries

    Prabhat Jha
    Cumulatively, from 1950 to 2015, smoking-related disease has been the biggest cause of premature death in high-income countries, with elevated risks of smoking continuing well into the 21st century.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neuroanatomy of a hydrothermal vent shrimp provides insights into the evolution of crustacean integrative brain centers

    Julia Machon et al.
    A neuroanatomical analysis of Rimicaris exoculata provides insights into these animal’s brain architecture to illustrate possible adaptations to the hydrothermal vent habitat with its extreme physicochemical conditions.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A new family of cell surface located purine transporters in Microsporidia and related fungal endoparasites

    Peter Major et al.
    Transporters shared by fungal intracellular parasites provide new insights into the evolution of nucleotide and energy parasitism.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    The genomes of polyextremophilic cyanidiales contain 1% horizontally transferred genes with diverse adaptive functions

    Alessandro W Rossoni et al.
    Horizontal gene transfer (HGT) analysis in polyextremophile red algae (Cyanidiales) provides explanations for the nonexistence of cumulative effects and eukaryotic pangenomes, and highlights differences between HGT and native genes.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Birds land reliably on complex surfaces by adapting their foot-surface interactions upon contact

    William RT Roderick et al.
    When landing, Pacific parrotlets exhibit stereotyped leg and wing dynamics regardless of perch diameter and texture, but foot and claw kinematics become surface-specific upon touchdown to successfully grasp the perch.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Metabolic network percolation quantifies biosynthetic capabilities across the human oral microbiome

    David B Bernstein et al.
    A novel metabolic network analysis method enables large-scale computational predictions of biosynthetic capabilities across the human oral microbiome, revealing a unique cluster of fastidious microorganisms and potential metabolic interdependencies.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Transcriptomic analysis reveals reduced transcriptional activity in the malaria parasite Plasmodium cynomolgi during progression into dormancy

    Nicole L Bertschi et al.
    Transcriptome profiling of malaria liver-stage parasites provides unprecedented knowledge on genes and pathways expressed in truly dormant hypnozoites and indicates that dormancy is associated with a switch in energy metabolism.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Plant Biology

    Arabidopsis RNA processing factor SERRATE regulates the transcription of intronless genes

    Corinna Speth et al.
    Arabidopsis RNA processing factor SERRATE associates with the chromatin of intronless genes, which are usually expressed at low levels, to enhance polymerase II association.
    1. Ecology
    2. Plant Biology

    Cytokinin transfer by a free-living mirid to Nicotiana attenuata recapitulates a strategy of endophytic insects

    Christoph Brütting et al.
    Cytokinin-dependent manipulation of plant metabolism is a strategy employed not only by gallers and leaf-miners but also by a free-living insect, Tupiocoris notatus, which directly transfers cytokinins at feeding sites to manipulate its host plant.