137 results found
    1. Cancer Biology

    A generalized theory of age-dependent carcinogenesis

    Andrii Rozhok, James DeGregori
    The multi-stage model of carcinogenesis requires the incorporation of aging-dependent somatic selection and life history-dependent evolution of species-specific tumor suppressor mechanisms in order to generalize carcinogenesis across tissues and species.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Tumor suppressive role of sestrin2 during colitis and colon carcinogenesis

    Seung-Hyun Ro et al.
    Sestrin2 loss could be a universal mechanism of human colon carcinogenesis that allows for barrier dysfunction, mTORC1 hyperactivation, unrestricted tumor growth and chemoresistance.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Tumor suppression in basal keratinocytes via dual non-cell-autonomous functions of a Na,K-ATPase beta subunit

    Julia Hatzold et al.
    A Na,K-ATPase beta subunit can suppress basal cell carcinogenesis either via its osmoregulatory function to avoid hypotonic stress, or by promoting epithelial polarity and adhesiveness of basal keratinocytes from the overlying outer layer.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Essential roles of Caspase-3 in facilitating Myc-induced genetic instability and carcinogenesis

    Ian M Cartwright et al.
    Myc expression is shown to cause sublethal activation of Caspase-3 and downstream endonuclease G, which causes DNA double strand breaks and oncogenic transformation in human cells.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Distinct myocardial lineages break atrial symmetry during cardiogenesis in zebrafish

    Almary Guerra et al.
    A discovery of two previously unknown, molecularly distinct fields of cardiac progenitors in zebrafish provides evidence for cardiac laterality prior to the emergence of cardiac septation and allows novel insights into cardiac development and disease.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Philosophy of Biology: Characterizing causality in cancer

    Elena Rondeau et al.
    Ideas about causality from philosophy can help scientists to better understand how cancerous tumors grow and spread in the body.
    1. Developmental Biology

    NKX2-5 mutations causative for congenital heart disease retain functionality and are directed to hundreds of targets

    Romaric Bouveret et al.
    Some NKX2-5 mutations that cause congenital heart disease retain transcriptional activity and can bind to many off-target genes, in part through their interactions with cofactors.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Hippo signaling determines the number of venous pole cells that originate from the anterior lateral plate mesoderm in zebrafish

    Hajime Fukui et al.
    The Hippo signaling restricts the number of SHF cardiomyocytes in the venous pole by negatively regulating Bmp-Smad signaling in the cells of lateral plate mesoderm.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Club cells form lung adenocarcinomas and maintain the alveoli of adult mice

    Magda Spella et al.
    Airway cells are required for the maintenance of the adult mouse lung and for carcinogen-induced lung adenocarcinoma development, and are thus marked therapeutic targets.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Nkx2.5 marks angioblasts that contribute to hemogenic endothelium of the endocardium and dorsal aorta

    Lyad Zamir et al.
    Live imaging coupled with cell lineage tracing in chick and mouse embryos reveal that the cardiac regulatory gene Nkx2.5 is also transiently expressed in early extra-cardiac hemogenic angioblasts that migrate to the heart, yolk sac and dorsal aorta.

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