729 results found
    1. Developmental Biology

    Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) signaling directs cardiomyocyte movement toward the midline during heart tube assembly

    Joshua Bloomekatz et al.
    Studies in zebrafish and mouse implicate the PDGF signaling pathway in the communication between the endoderm and the myocardium that drives medial myocardial movement and thereby initiates cardiac morphogenesis.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Medicine

    Lymphangiogenic therapy prevents cardiac dysfunction by ameliorating inflammation and hypertension

    LouJin Song et al.
    Lymphangiogenic therapy VEGFCc156s improved angiotensin-II-induced impairments in heart function via novel mechanisms, which include transcriptional responses to alleviate inflammation and cardiac fibrosis, and systemic responses to ameliorate hypertension.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Hepatocyte Growth Factor-mediated satellite cells niche perturbation promotes development of distinct sarcoma subtypes

    Deborah Morena et al.
    The functional relevance of stem cell niche perturbation in sarcomagenesis is defined and the mouse model presented provides a rationale for the use of combination therapy for the treatment of genetically heterogeneous sarcomas.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Bulk flow of cerebrospinal fluid observed in periarterial spaces is not an artifact of injection

    Aditya Raghunandan et al.
    A new tracer infusion method is used to confirm that pulsatile cerebrospinal fluid transport into the brain occurs naturally and is driven by the cardiac cycle, not by tracer injection.
    1. Cell Biology

    Profound regulation of Na/K pump activity by transient elevations of cytoplasmic calcium in murine cardiac myocytes

    Fang-Min Lu et al.
    Transient Ca elevations of cytoplasmic calcium in cardiac myocytes profoundly activate cardiac Na/K pump activity in parallel with physical-chemical changes of the sarcolemma but without involvement of conventional signaling mechanisms.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Dullard-mediated Smad1/5/8 inhibition controls mouse cardiac neural crest cells condensation and outflow tract septation

    Jean-François Darrigrand et al.
    New views on the relevance of bone morphogenetic protein signalling fine tuning in the cardiac neural crest cells for the heart outflow tract septation and the formation of the great arteries.
    1. Cell Biology

    PDE2A2 regulates mitochondria morphology and apoptotic cell death via local modulation of cAMP/PKA signalling

    Stefania Monterisi et al.
    The enzyme phosphodiesterase 2A2 localises at the mitochondrial membrane and its inhibition results in a local increase in cAMP concentration, mitochondrial elongation and resistance to apoptosis.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Instability in NAD+ metabolism leads to impaired cardiac mitochondrial function and communication

    Knut H Lauritzen et al.
    Transgenic mice and cell models provide evidence of a pathophysiological mechanism that connects mtDNA damage to cardiac dysfunction via reduced NAD+ levels and loss of mitochondrial function and communication.
    1. Developmental Biology

    The flow responsive transcription factor Klf2 is required for myocardial wall integrity by modulating Fgf signaling

    Seyed Javad Rasouli et al.
    Endocardial Klf2 regulates cardiomyocyte adhesion and myocardial wall integrity by modulating FGF signaling in zebrafish.
    1. Neuroscience

    Variance predicts salience in central sensory processing

    Ann M Hermundstad et al.
    Psychophysical measures of human sensitivity to visual patterns reveal that the brain preferentially processes those features of stimuli that are more variable in the natural world.

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