146 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Targeting mir128-3p alleviates myocardial insulin resistance and prevents ischemia-induced heart failure

    Andrea Ruiz-Velasco et al.
    Targeting mir128-3p could prevent cardiac insulin resistance in the non-infarcted myocardium and limit cardiac injury after myocardial infarction, delaying the development of heart failure.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    High mTOR activity is a hallmark of reactive natural killer cells and amplifies early signaling through activating receptors

    Antoine Marçais et al.
    Chronic engagement of Natural killer cell inhibitory receptors by MHC-I molecules maintains a high activity of the mTOR pathway allowing subsequent amplification of signaling through activating receptors upon acute stimulation.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    The biphasic and age-dependent impact of klotho on hallmarks of aging and skeletal muscle function

    Zachary Clemens et al.
    Transcriptomic analysis using a novel information-based network entropy approach provides mechanistic insights into the ability of Klotho to successfully ameliorate age-related sarcopenia in old mice, but not oldest-old mice.
    1. Medicine

    Loss of the melanocortin-4 receptor in mice causes dilated cardiomyopathy

    Michael J Litt et al.
    The melanocortin-4 receptor knockout mouse exhibits a cardiomyopathy syndrome, which raises concerns about cardiovascular function in patients with the similar loss of function mutations, and perhaps even in the 1 in 1500 patients with heterozygous loss of the gene.
    1. Neuroscience

    Point of View: Predictive regulation and human design

    Peter Sterling
    Why does the human regulatory system, which evolution tuned for small satisfactions, now constantly demand 'more'?
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Medicine

    Remodeling of whole-body lipid metabolism and a diabetic-like phenotype caused by loss of CDK1 and hepatocyte division

    Jin Rong Ow et al.
    Loss of hepatic Cdk1 leads to oxidative stress, increased fatty acids in blood, and hyperinsulinemia, which resulted in insulin resistance and hepatic steatosis, similar as in diabetes.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Drosophila PDGF/VEGF signaling from muscles to hepatocyte-like cells protects against obesity

    Arpan C Ghosh et al.
    A muscle-derived signaling molecule suppresses excessive accumulation of lipids in the Drosophila adipose tissue by activating the Pi3K/Akt/mTOR signaling cascade in the Drosophila hepatocyte-like cells.
    1. Medicine

    Lipocalin-2 is an anorexigenic signal in primates

    Peristera-Ioanna Petropoulou et al.
    Lipocalin-2 is a strong predictor of hunger scores, reflects an anti-obesity response that is deregulated in severely obese subjects, and exerts an anorexigenic function with a conserved interspecies mechanism.
    1. Cell Biology

    SWELL1 regulates skeletal muscle cell size, intracellular signaling, adiposity and glucose metabolism

    Ashutosh Kumar et al.
    LRRC8A is an essential component of a mechanoresponsive ion channel signaling complex that tunes skeletal muscle differentiation, muscle cell size, function and metabolic pathways to regulate adiposity and systemic glycemia.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Medicine

    Iron derived from autophagy-mediated ferritin degradation induces cardiomyocyte death and heart failure in mice

    Jumpei Ito et al.
    Iron derived from autophagy-mediated ferritin degradation in response to pressure overload induces lipid peroxidation, necrotic cardiomyocyte death, and heart failure in mice.

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