156 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Single molecule mechanics resolves the earliest events in force generation by cardiac myosin

    Michael S Woody et al.
    Cardiac myosin converts energy from ATP into mechanical work by transitioning from a short-lived force-bearing state, to a post working stroke state before the release of inorganic phosphate.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine

    Effects of myosin variants on interacting-heads motif explain distinct hypertrophic and dilated cardiomyopathy phenotypes

    Lorenzo Alamo et al.
    Mapping the locations of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy gene variants onto the three-dimensional structures of contractile proteins revealed that these disrupt protein interactions are critical for normal cardiac relaxation and efficient energy usage.
    1. Cell Biology

    The fibronectin synergy site re-enforces cell adhesion and mediates a crosstalk between integrin classes

    Maria Benito-Jardón et al.
    The fibronectin synergy site is only required in vivo when forces exceed or αvβ3 integrin levels fall below certain thresholds.
    1. Neuroscience

    A predictive focus of gain modulation encodes target trajectories in insect vision

    Steven D Wiederman et al.
    Visual neurons in the dragonfly predict the path of a moving target, even when it is occluded or crosses from one eye to the other.
    1. Neuroscience

    Inhibitory peptidergic modulation of C. elegans serotonin neurons is gated by T-type calcium channels

    Kara E Zang et al.
    Genetic analysis of how neuropeptides control C. elegans reproductive behavior shows how T-type calcium channels engage and disengage target neurons from these critical regulators of neural circuits and behavior.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Epithelial magnesium transport by TRPM6 is essential for prenatal development and adult survival

    Vladimir Chubanov et al.
    Mice deficient in the TRPM6 channel suffer from impaired prenatal development, shortened lifespan, growth deficit and disturbed energy balance due to a defect in epithelial Mg2+ uptake, thus highlighting a pivotal role of TRPM6 in organismal Mg2+ homeostasis.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Calcium handling precedes cardiac differentiation to initiate the first heartbeat

    Richard CV Tyser et al.
    High-resolution live imaging reveals how and when the mouse heart first starts to beat during development and how the onset of beating impacts on heart muscle cell maturation and heart formation.
    1. Neuroscience

    A dystonia-like movement disorder with brain and spinal neuronal defects is caused by mutation of the mouse laminin β1 subunit, Lamb1

    Yi Bessie Liu et al.
    A mouse with a defined mutation in an extracellular matrix protein that is expressed in selected neurons sheds light on circuit abnormalities producing transient hyperkinetic movements.

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