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    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Nuclear genetic regulation of the human mitochondrial transcriptome

    Aminah T Ali et al.
    Common nuclear genetic variants are associated with fundamental biological processes occurring in human mitochondria and potentially point to novel roles for nuclear genes in transcriptional regulation of the mitochondrial genome.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neural dynamics of visual ambiguity resolution by perceptual prior

    Matthew W Flounders et al.
    Neural dynamics during prior experience-guided visual ambiguity resolution reveal early stimulus-feature processing and late content-specific recognition processing involving large-scale brain networks.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Connexin-43-dependent ATP release mediates macrophage activation during sepsis

    Michel Dosch et al.
    Autocrine activation of macrophages is modulated by Connexin-43-mediated ATP release in response to TLR-4 and -2 agonists in a P2Y1-dependent manner, ultimately determining sepsis survival.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    PUMILIO hyperactivity drives premature aging of Norad-deficient mice

    Florian Kopp et al.
    Long noncoding RNA Norad performs an essential function in mammalian physiology by inhibiting the activity of PUMILIO RNA binding proteins, thereby suppressing a multi-system degenerative phenotype resembling premature aging.
    1. Neuroscience

    State transitions in the substantia nigra reticulata predict the onset of motor deficits in models of progressive dopamine depletion in mice

    Amanda M Willard et al.
    The transition in basal ganglia output from the healthy to the diseased state is biphasic, stereotyped across models, and suggests key time points for delivering therapeutic interventions.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural insights into SETD3-mediated histidine methylation on β-actin

    Qiong Guo et al.
    Structural research, supplemented by biochemical experiments and enzymatic assays, unravels the sequence-dependent molecular mechanism by which SETD3 recognizes β-actin and methylates His73 of β-actin.
    1. Neuroscience

    PARIS, an optogenetic method for functionally mapping gap junctions

    Ling Wu et al.
    As the first fully genetically encoded method, PARIS allows cell-specific, long-term, repeated measurements of gap junctional coupling with high spatiotemporal resolution, facilitating its study in both health and disease.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    A Gs-coupled purinergic receptor boosts Ca2+ influx and vascular contractility during diabetic hyperglycemia

    Maria Paz Prada et al.
    A multi-pronged approach shows that a Gs-coupled purinergic receptor is a sensor for glucose-mediated, PKA-dependent potentiation of vascular L-type calcium channels and vasoconstriction.
    1. Neuroscience

    Visualization of currents in neural models with similar behavior and different conductance densities

    Leandro M Alonso, Eve Marder
    Visualization methods display the dynamics of the currents in conductance-based model neurons, and show how their contribution changes in response to perturbation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Optogenetically induced low-frequency correlations impair perception

    Anirvan Nandy et al.
    Low-frequency correlations among neurons in monkey visual area V4 impair the animal's ability to perform an attention-demanding task, suggesting a causal role of these fluctuations in perception.