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    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Heart fossilization is possible and informs the evolution of cardiac outflow tract in vertebrates

    Lara Maldanis et al.
    The discovery of a fossil heart in Rhacolepis buccalis demonstrates that it is possible to scrutinize the fossil record for important clues on cardiac structure and evolution.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Cell Biology

    Massive palmitoylation-dependent endocytosis during reoxygenation of anoxic cardiac muscle

    Mei-Jung Lin et al.
    Reoxygenation of anoxic cardiac tissue promotes massive endocytosis that is triggered by release of coenzymeA from mitochondria, followed by palmitoylation of membrane proteins, sarcolemma vesiculation, and transfer of sarolemma vesicles to large endosomes and vacuoles.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Self-renewal: Finding a niche for cardiac precursors

    Benoit G Bruneau
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    1. Developmental Biology

    Glucose inhibits cardiac muscle maturation through nucleotide biosynthesis

    Haruko Nakano et al.
    During cardiogenesis, the major role of glucose is not the catabolic extraction of energy but the anabolic biosynthesis of nucleotides.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The GIRK1 subunit potentiates G protein activation of cardiac GIRK1/4 hetero-tetramers

    Kouki K Touhara et al.
    The GIRK1 subunit contains a defective Na+-binding site but behaves as if it is permanently bound to a sodium ion, and therefore increases the affinity of Gβγ to GIRK1/4 hetero-tetrameric channels in lipid membranes.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Calcium handling precedes cardiac differentiation to initiate the first heartbeat

    Richard CV Tyser et al.
    High-resolution live imaging reveals how and when the mouse heart first starts to beat during development and how the onset of beating impacts on heart muscle cell maturation and heart formation.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Loss of neurofibromin Ras-GAP activity enhances the formation of cardiac blood islands in murine embryos

    Amanda D Yzaguirre et al.
    Ras-GAP activity suppresses the hemogenic potential of the embryonic heart.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine

    Intermittent hypoxia mediated by TSP1 dependent on STAT3 induces cardiac fibroblast activation and cardiac fibrosis

    Qiankun Bao et al.
    Targeting STAT3 provides a potential therapeutic strategy for obstructive sleep apnea-related fibrotic heart disease mediated by TSP1.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Loss of the transcription factor Meis1 prevents sympathetic neurons target-field innervation and increases susceptibility to sudden cardiac death

    Fabrice Bouilloux et al.
    The transcription factor Meis1 is a dedicated maintenance factor for sympathetic neurons and controls the expression of key genes involved in endosome trafficking.
    1. Cell Biology

    The adhesion function of the sodium channel beta subunit (β1) contributes to cardiac action potential propagation

    Rengasayee Veeraraghavan et al.
    Structural and functional investigations identify a structural unit for ephaptic coupling in the heart, and provide the mechanistic basis for a novel strategy for the treatment of arrhythmias.