18 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    PreBötzinger complex neurons drive respiratory modulation of blood pressure and heart rate

    Clément Menuet et al.
    The PreBötzinger complex, which contains neurons that are the kernel for inspiratory rhythm generation, also contains sympathoexcitatory and parasympathoinhibitory neurons that drive respiratory-phase oscillations in blood pressure and heart rate.
    1. Neuroscience

    Acute perturbation of Pet1-neuron activity in neonatal mice impairs cardiorespiratory homeostatic recovery

    Ryan T Dosumu-Johnson et al.
    Pet1 neurons actively maintain cardiorespiratory tone and dynamic range in mouse neonates and critically support the recovery response to apneas, informing brain findings in the sudden infant death syndrome.
    1. Neuroscience

    C1 neurons are part of the circuitry that recruits active expiration in response to the activation of peripheral chemoreceptors

    Milene R Malheiros-Lima et al.
    An unbiased description reveals potential implications for understanding the developmental mechanisms that match respiratory supply and demand during hypoxia.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Connexin26 hemichannels with a mutation that causes KID syndrome in humans lack sensitivity to CO2

    Louise Meigh et al.
    Building on previous work (Meigh et al., 2013) we show that A88V, a mutation in connexin26 (Cx26) that causes Keratitis-Ichthyosis-Deafness (KID) syndrome in humans, is linked to a lack of sensitivity to CO2 by Cx26 hemichannels.
    1. Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    High-intensity training enhances executive function in children in a randomized, placebo-controlled trial

    David Moreau et al.
    Short bursts of high-intensity exercise elicit robust improvements in core cognitive abilities, especially in individuals whose genotype is associated with lower cognitive performance.
    1. Neuroscience

    The cortical connectivity of the periaqueductal gray and the conditioned response to the threat of breathlessness

    Olivia K Faull, Kyle TS Pattinson
    Building on previous work (Faull et al, 2016), it shown that the different connectivity profiles of the individual columns of the human periaqueductal gray support their proposed roles in human threat behaviours, such as freezing or fight/flight.
    1. Neuroscience

    Autoresuscitation: The central role of serotonin

    Gary C Mouradian, Matthew R Hodges
    The neurotransmitter serotonin helps to co-ordinate the respiratory and cardiovascular responses of newborns to oxygen deprivation.
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    1. Medicine
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Early prediction of level-of-care requirements in patients with COVID-19

    Boran Hao et al.
    Using data for 2566 COVID-19 patients from five hospitals, models are developed to predict for each patient hospitalization and critical care needs, based on demographics, comorbidities, medications, and laboratory findings.
    1. Neuroscience

    Vascular control of the CO2/H+-dependent drive to breathe

    Colin M Cleary et al.
    Understanding how loss of CO2/H+ vascular reactivity affects respiratory control may facilitate development of treatments for breathing problems in this population.
    1. Neuroscience

    A transient postnatal quiescent period precedes emergence of mature cortical dynamics

    Soledad Domínguez et al.
    Maturation of cortical network dynamics is characterized by a nadir that signals the shift from local, loosely correlated, prominently sensory-driven patterns to internally organized, spatially distributed, and temporally precise activity.

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