173 results found
    1. Developmental Biology

    Signals from the brain and olfactory epithelium control shaping of the mammalian nasal capsule cartilage

    Marketa Kaucka et al.
    The brain and olfactory epithelium play a key role in pattering chondrogenic areas in the developing face, which is partly based on the release of SHH from neurosensory structures into the facial mesenchyme.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Epidemiology: Promiscuous bacteria have staying power

    Ruth C Massey, Daniel J Wilson
    Being able to take up DNA from their environment might allow pneumococcal bacteria to colonize the human nose and throat for longer periods of time.
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    1. Cell Biology

    Bone Formation: Sensing the load

    Nele Haelterman, Joohyun Lim
    How does the skeleton detect and adapt to changes in the mechanical load it has to carry?
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    1. Cell Biology

    Ophthalmology: Keeping blood vessels out of sight

    Dawn Sim, Marcus Fruttiger
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    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Regulation of nerve growth and patterning by cell surface protein disulphide isomerase

    Geoffrey MW Cook et al.
    The nerve growth-repellent activity that generates spinal nerve repeat-patterning in birds and mammals is identified at the molecular level, and a similar system is revealed in adult brain grey matter.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Dithranol targets keratinocytes, their crosstalk with neutrophils and inhibits the IL-36 inflammatory loop in psoriasis

    Theresa Benezeder et al.
    Targeting the differentiation regulators and/or AMPs of keratinocytes, rather than targeting immune cells, may be an alternative approach for topical anti-psoriatic treatment, an area with high need for new drugs.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Lin28a/let-7 pathway modulates the Hox code via Polycomb regulation during axial patterning in vertebrates

    Tempei Sato et al.
    Genetic analyses reveal that the loss of Lin28a causes axial shortening with mild skeletal transformations via decreased PRC1 at Hox genes, establishing a new pathway in the “Hox code.”.
    1. Cell Biology

    Cortical bone maturation in mice requires SOCS3 suppression of gp130/STAT3 signalling in osteocytes

    Emma C Walker et al.
    Targeted SOCS3 null mice reveal that maturation of cortical bone comprises both pore closure and accumulation of high density bone, requiring local suppression of gp130-STAT3 in osteocytes and subsequent osteoclastogenesis.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Quantifying antibiotic impact on within-patient dynamics of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase resistance

    Rene Niehus et al.
    A data-driven within-host model reveals that different antibiotics are associated with divergent effects on antibiotic resistance carriage and abundance in hospitalised patients, with important implications for antibiotic stewardship.
    1. Developmental Biology

    A complex regulatory landscape involved in the development of mammalian external genitals

    Ana Rita Amândio et al.
    In vertebrates, large regulatory landscapes sometimes behave as coherent regulatory units, which may explain the lack of effect sometimes observed when single enhancer sequences are deleted in isolation.

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