164 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Transformation of a temporal speech cue to a spatial neural code in human auditory cortex

    Neal P Fox et al.
    The human brain has a spatial code for representing temporal phonetic distinctions in speech.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Meta-Research: Gender inequalities among authors who contributed equally

    Nichole A Broderick, Arturo Casadevall
    An analysis of papers in which two or more authors shared first-author position found that male authors were more likely than female authors to appear first in the author list.
  1. Meta-Research: A retrospective analysis of the peer review of more than 75,000 Marie Curie proposals between 2007 and 2018

    David G Pina et al.
    A study of more than 75,000 grant proposals to the European Union indicates that the outcomes of the peer review process remain stable in response to changes in the way that peer review is organized.
  2. Research: United States National Postdoc Survey results and the interaction of gender, career choice and mentor impact

    Sean C McConnell et al.
    The quality of mentoring received while a postdoc influences career choice irrespective of field, gender, or ethnicity, according to a 7,603-respondent postdoc survey.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Does diversity beget diversity in microbiomes?

    Naïma Madi et al.
    Microbiomediversity favors further diversity in a positive feedback that is strongest in lower-diversity biomes but which plateaus as niches are increasingly filled in higher-diversity biomes.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Dynamics of nevus development implicate cell cooperation in the growth arrest of transformed melanocytes

    Rolando Ruiz-Vega et al.
    Spontaneous growth arrest of transformed melanocytes (resulting in benign “moles”) does not result from cell-autonomous oncogene-induced senescence, but can be explained by collective mechanisms used in normal tissue size control.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dopaminergic and opioidergic regulation during anticipation and consumption of social and nonsocial rewards

    Sebastian Korb et al.
    Administration of dopamine and opioid receptor antagonists resulted in reduced reward anticipation (effort and increased negative facial reactions), but only administration of opioid antagonists resulted in reduced liking (facial reactions).
    1. Neuroscience

    Efficient sampling and noisy decisions

    Joseph A Heng et al.
    An efficient coding theory for higher-level cognitive processes reveals that humans efficiently adapt to contextual distributions by economizing on environmental prior information.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Gene regulation gravitates toward either addition or multiplication when combining the effects of two signals

    Eric M Sanford et al.
    When two signals increase transcription of the same gene, their combined effect tends to reflect either the sum of the individual increases or the product of the individual fold-changes.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    The leukocyte non-coding RNA landscape in critically ill patients with sepsis

    Brendon P Scicluna et al.
    Long non-coding RNA profiles as a source of signal in sepsis.

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