888 results found
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Point of View: Biological causal links on physiological and evolutionary time scales

    Amit Karmon, Yitzhak Pilpel
    Increasing awareness that many causal links in biology might be bi-directional could overcome biases and improve scientific reasoning.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Large-scale phenotypic drug screen identifies neuroprotectants in zebrafish and mouse models of retinitis pigmentosa

    Liyun Zhang et al.
    Using a cross-species phenotypic drug discovery pipeline, compounds promoting rod photoreceptor survival in zebrafish and mouse models of retinitis pigmentosa were identified, evidence of additive effects of paired compounds and inhibition of PARP-dependent cell death suggest novel therapeutic strategies.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Collider bias and the apparent protective effect of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency on cerebral malaria

    James A Watson et al.
    Selection bias, also known as collider bias, likely explains the apparent protective effect of G6PD deficiency against cerebral falciparum malaria.
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    1. Neuroscience

    Integrative frontal-parietal dynamics supporting cognitive control

    Derek Evan Nee
    Analysis of human fMRI data reveal that intermediary areas within the fronto-parietal control network (FPCN) are critical for integrating control processing, cognitive ability, and amenability to neuromodulation.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    A repressor-decay timer for robust temporal patterning in embryonic Drosophila neuroblast lineages

    Inna Averbukh et al.
    The demand for robust performance distinguishes the mechanism which progresses the biological timer acting within neural progenitors to determine neuronal fates in the Drosophila embryo.
    1. Plant Biology

    A tension-adhesion feedback loop in plant epidermis

    Stéphane Verger et al.
    Tensile stress patterns in tissues are revealed by cell-cell adhesion defects; in turn, cell responses to supracellular tension require cell-cell adhesion.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Two roles for the yeast transcription coactivator SAGA and a set of genes redundantly regulated by TFIID and SAGA

    Rafal Donczew et al.
    The transcription coactivators SAGA and TFIID have redundant function at a subset of yeast genes while SAGA also contributes to transcription of all genes through regulation of chromatin modifications.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neural precursors of decisions that matter—an ERP study of deliberate and arbitrary choice

    Uri Maoz et al.
    The readiness potential—a long-established neural precursor of voluntary action claimed to precede the onset of the conscious decision to move—is absent, or at least significantly reduced, for deliberate decisions.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Recalibrating timing behavior via expected covariance between temporal cues

    Benjamin J De Corte et al.
    Rats act as if they expect that the delays associated with temporal cues will covary due to a common causal factor.
    1. Ecology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Metapopulation ecology links antibiotic resistance, consumption, and patient transfers in a network of hospital wards

    Julie Teresa Shapiro et al.
    Patterns of antibiotic use and the connectivity between wards are independently associated with the incidence of antimicrobial-resistant infections in hospital networks.

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