577 results found
    1. Cancer Biology

    Philosophy of Biology: Characterizing causality in cancer

    Elena Rondeau et al.
    Ideas about causality from philosophy can help scientists to better understand how cancerous tumors grow and spread in the body.
    1. Neuroscience

    The caudate nucleus contributes causally to decisions that balance reward and uncertain visual information

    Takahiro Doi et al.
    Caudate neurons encode reward and sensory information and the effects of caudate microstimulation mimic the monkeys' voluntary reward bias strategy.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Medicine

    Conjunction of factors triggering waves of seasonal influenza

    Ishanu Chattopadhyay et al.
    Three complementary computational approaches reveal a set of putative causes of initiation of pan-USA waves of influenza.
    1. Neuroscience

    Local online learning in recurrent networks with random feedback

    James M Murray
    A biologically plausible learning rule enables recurrent neural networks to model the way in which neural circuits use supervised learning to perform time-dependent computations.
    1. Neuroscience

    Early alterations of social brain networks in young children with autism

    Holger Franz Sperdin et al.
    Toddlers with autism spectrum disorders have alterations in gaze patterns together with frequency specific network atypicalities between key brain areas of the social brain when freely exploring naturalistic and ecologically valid dynamic social stimuli.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Genome-wide quantification of the effects of DNA methylation on human gene regulation

    Amanda J Lea et al.
    mSTARR-seq identifies regions of the genome where DNA methylation causally impacts gene expression, providing a map of which epigenetic marks may influence trait variation.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Quantifying the contribution of Plasmodium falciparum malaria to febrile illness amongst African children

    Ursula Dalrymple et al.
    Fevers amongst African children are often assumed to be caused by a malaria infection, but here it is estimated that the majority of fevers amongst African children, including those with a patent malaria infection, are due to infections with diseases other than malaria.
    1. Neuroscience

    Induced sensorimotor cortex plasticity remediates chronic treatment-resistant visual neglect

    Jacinta O'Shea et al.
    Tonic disinhibition of left motor cortex during prism adaptation enhanced consolidation of sensorimotor and cognitive prism after effects, causing lasting clinical gains in three patient cases with chronic treatment-resistant visual neglect.
    1. Neuroscience

    An extrasynaptic GABAergic signal modulates a pattern of forward movement in Caenorhabditis elegans

    Yu Shen et al.
    The activity of a set of GABAergic neurons is causally linked with a locomotory pattern in moving animals, and the mechanisms underlying the neuromodulatory role of GABA are illuminated.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Post-decision biases reveal a self-consistency principle in perceptual inference

    Long Luu, Alan A Stocker
    Humans are biased in their assessment of sensory information by their own preceding categorical judgment in an attempt to remain self-consistent.

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