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    1. Neuroscience
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    Science Forum: Ten common statistical mistakes to watch out for when writing or reviewing a manuscript

    Tamar R Makin, Jean-Jacques Orban de Xivry
    What can authors and reviewers do to keep common statistical mistakes out of the literature?
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Point of View: Biological causal links on physiological and evolutionary time scales

    Amit Karmon, Yitzhak Pilpel
    Increasing awareness that many causal links in biology might be bi-directional could overcome biases and improve scientific reasoning.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Recalibrating timing behavior via expected covariance between temporal cues

    Benjamin J De Corte et al.
    Rats act as if they expect that the delays associated with temporal cues will covary due to a common causal factor.
  1. Philosophy of Biology: Philosophical bias is the one bias that science cannot avoid

    Fredrik Andersen et al.
    Scientists should be aware of the non-empirical assumptions that influence all kinds of research.
    1. Neuroscience

    Transient oxytocin signaling primes the development and function of excitatory hippocampal neurons

    Silvia Ripamonti et al.
    Perturbation of oxytocin signaling causes alterations that may be causally involved in the etiology of oxytocin-related neurobehavioral disorders.
    1. Neuroscience

    Control of adaptive action selection by secondary motor cortex during flexible visual categorization

    Tian-Yi Wang et al.
    The secondary motor cortex causally contributes to flexible action selection during stimulus categorization with the representations of upcoming choice and sensory history regulated by the demand to remap stimulus–action association.
    1. Neuroscience

    Optogenetics: Exciting inhibition in primates

    Wim Vanduffel, Xiaolian Li
    A new genetic marker enables precise control over a group of inhibitory neurons in monkeys.
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    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology
    Killifish illustration

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: Nothobranchius furzeri, an 'instant' fish from an ephemeral habitat

    Martin Reichard, Matej Polačik
    The turquoise killifish from ephemeral pools in African savannah combines extremely short lifespan with a standard vertebrate body plan – ideal attributes for a laboratory animal.
    1. Neuroscience

    Behavior: The cerebellum shows its stripes

    Ashley L Holloway, Talia N Lerner
    New studies examine how the different sub-structures in the cerebellum are organized to receive information during complex behavioral tasks.
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  2. Science Forum: RIPOSTE: a framework for improving the design and analysis of laboratory-based research

    Nicholas GD Masca et al.
    The RIPOSTE framework has been developed to support early and regular discussions between scientists and statisticians in order to improve the design, conduct and analysis of laboratory studies.