15 results found
    1. Developmental Biology

    Developmental evolution of the forebrain in cavefish, from natural variations in neuropeptides to behavior

    Alexandre Alié et al.
    A comparative approach shows that developmental evolution of neuropeptidergic neuronal groups in the hypothalamus of blind cavefish drives adaptive behavioral evolution.
    1. Neuroscience

    Hypocretin underlies the evolution of sleep loss in the Mexican cavefish

    James B Jaggard et al.
    The identification of evolutionarily-derived changes in Hypocretin function within the brains of short-sleeping Mexican cavefish provides a system for investigating the mechanistic basis of sleep differences throughout the animal kingdom.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: Advancing biology through a deeper understanding of zebrafish ecology and evolution

    David M Parichy
    The zebrafish is a premier model organism for biomedical research, with a rich array of tools and genomic resources, and combining these with a fuller appreciation of wild zebrafish ecology could greatly extend its utility in biological research.
  1. Point of View: What does it take to recruit and retain senior women faculty?

    Fiona M Watt
    eLife deputy editor Fiona M Watt recounts some of her personal experiences as a senior female academic in a male-dominated environment.
  2. Point of View: Priority of discovery in the life sciences

    Ronald D Vale, Anthony A Hyman
    Disclosing work prior to submission to a journal would benefit scientists seeking to be acknowledged for their discoveries.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Evolution of the hypoxia-sensitive cells involved in amniote respiratory reflexes

    Dorit Hockman et al.
    Embryonic fate-mapping approaches in zebrafish, Xenopus and lamprey illuminate the evolutionary origins of carotid body glomus cells and pulmonary neuroendocrine cells.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Subterranean mammals show convergent regression in ocular genes and enhancers, along with adaptation to tunneling

    Raghavendran Partha et al.
    Repeated evolution of eye regression in subterranean mammals helps identify genes and regulatory elements involved in visual perception and development of the eye, and predicts candidate sequences with a potential role in ocular disorders.
    1. Neuroscience

    Selection of distinct populations of dentate granule cells in response to inputs as a mechanism for pattern separation in mice

    Wei Deng et al.
    By using different groups of cells to represent distinct environments and events, the dentate gyrus of the hippocampus helps to keep memories of similar events separate.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A novel role for lipid droplets in the organismal antibacterial response

    Preetha Anand et al.
    Histones bound to lipid droplets inside cells offer protection against bacteria in flies, and possibly mice, thus suggesting a possible new innate immunity pathway.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Lipid droplet biology and evolution illuminated by the characterization of a novel perilipin in teleost fish

    James G Granneman et al.
    Phylogenetic, biochemical, and genetic techniques reveal a novel and ancient member of the Perilipin family, termed Plin6, that functions to concentrate and traffic lipophilic skin pigment in teleost fish.

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