20 results found
    1. Developmental Biology

    Developmental evolution of the forebrain in cavefish, from natural variations in neuropeptides to behavior

    Alexandre Alié et al.
    A comparative approach shows that developmental evolution of neuropeptidergic neuronal groups in the hypothalamus of blind cavefish drives adaptive behavioral evolution.
    1. Neuroscience

    Hypocretin underlies the evolution of sleep loss in the Mexican cavefish

    James B Jaggard et al.
    The identification of evolutionarily-derived changes in Hypocretin function within the brains of short-sleeping Mexican cavefish provides a system for investigating the mechanistic basis of sleep differences throughout the animal kingdom.
  1. Point of View: What does it take to recruit and retain senior women faculty?

    Fiona M Watt
    eLife deputy editor Fiona M Watt recounts some of her personal experiences as a senior female academic in a male-dominated environment.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: Advancing biology through a deeper understanding of zebrafish ecology and evolution

    David M Parichy
    The zebrafish is a premier model organism for biomedical research, with a rich array of tools and genomic resources, and combining these with a fuller appreciation of wild zebrafish ecology could greatly extend its utility in biological research.
  2. Point of View: Priority of discovery in the life sciences

    Ronald D Vale, Anthony A Hyman
    Disclosing work prior to submission to a journal would benefit scientists seeking to be acknowledged for their discoveries.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neuropeptide B mediates female sexual receptivity in medaka fish, acting in a female-specific but reversible manner

    Towako Hiraki-Kajiyama et al.
    In the brain of medaka fish, neuropeptide B acts directly downstream of estrogen in a female-specific but reversible manner to mediate female receptivity to male courtship.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Evolution of the hypoxia-sensitive cells involved in amniote respiratory reflexes

    Dorit Hockman et al.
    Embryonic fate-mapping approaches in zebrafish, Xenopus and lamprey illuminate the evolutionary origins of carotid body glomus cells and pulmonary neuroendocrine cells.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Multifactorial processes underlie parallel opsin loss in neotropical bats

    Alexa Sadier et al.
    Parallel losses of short-wave light sensitivity in diverse bats occurred through independent changes at multiple steps in the conversion of genotype into functional phenotype, including pre-, during, and post-transcription.
    1. Plant Biology

    The role of APETALA1 in petal number robustness

    Marie Monniaux et al.
    Variable petal number in Cardamine hirsuta is explained by regulatory changes in the MADS-box gene APETALA1 that relaxed its epistasis over mapped QTL in the C. hirsuta genome.
    1. Neuroscience

    Selection of distinct populations of dentate granule cells in response to inputs as a mechanism for pattern separation in mice

    Wei Deng et al.
    By using different groups of cells to represent distinct environments and events, the dentate gyrus of the hippocampus helps to keep memories of similar events separate.

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