748 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Local projections of layer Vb-to-Va are more prominent in lateral than in medial entorhinal cortex

    Shinya Ohara et al.
    The connection from layer Vb-to-Va neurons, a key component of the canonical hippocampal-cortical output circuit, which is allegedly crucial for memory consolidation, is relatively stronger in lateral entorhinal cortex compared with the medial entorhinal cortex, thus suggesting different operating principles.
    1. Neuroscience

    Circuit organization of the excitatory sensorimotor loop through hand/forelimb S1 and M1

    Naoki Yamawaki et al.
    Cell-type-specific circuit analysis reveals a highly polysynaptic pattern of excitatory feedforward connections along the somatosensory-to-motor loop, from cuneate via VPL thalamus to S1 and M1 cortex and corticospinal neurons.
    1. Neuroscience

    IGF-1 facilitates extinction of conditioned fear

    Laura E Maglio et al.
    Insulin-like growth factor-1 activates the prefrontal cortex and improves the extinction of aversive memories.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Infection with a newly designed dual fluorescent reporter HIV-1 effectively identifies latently infected CD4+ T cells

    Jinfeng Cai et al.
    A novel reporter model system serves as a valuable tool for studying latent HIV-1 infection and identifies potent latency reversing agent.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Simultaneous trimodal single-cell measurement of transcripts, epitopes, and chromatin accessibility using TEA-seq

    Elliott Swanson et al.
    Simultaneous multimodal measurement of chromatin accessibility, gene expression, and protein expression provides a unified view of the molecular underpinnings of immune cell state in health and disease.
    1. Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    tTARGIT AAVs mediate the sensitive and flexible manipulation of intersectional neuronal populations in mice

    Paul V Sabatini et al.
    tTARGIT AAVs offer a new approach to manipulate intersectional populations that produce selective and robust transgene expression and are easily modified.
    1. Neuroscience

    Mechanism for differential recruitment of orbitostriatal transmission during actions and outcomes following chronic alcohol exposure

    Rafael Renteria et al.
    Chronic alcohol exposure results in a long-lasting, enhanced endocannabinoid signalling at orbitostriatal synapses that is expressed in a projection-, synapse-, and behaviorally computation-specific manner.
    1. Neuroscience

    Somatostatin interneurons activated by 5-HT2A receptor suppress slow oscillations in medial entorhinal cortex

    Roberto de Filippo et al.
    Somatostatin interneurons are novel mediators of serotonergic modulation in entorhinal cortex via activation of 5-HT2A receptors, a receptor involved in the etiology of different psychiatric disorders.
    1. Plant Biology

    Uncovering a novel function of the CCR4-NOT complex in phytochrome A-mediated light signalling in plants

    Philipp Schwenk et al.
    The light-activated plant photoreceptor phytochrome A binds to NOT9B to displace it from the CCR4-NOT complex, thereby de-repressing light signalling.

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