179 results found
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    ACLY ubiquitination by CUL3-KLHL25 induces the reprogramming of fatty acid metabolism to facilitate iTreg differentiation

    Miaomiao Tian et al.
    Metabolic flux analysis, biochemistry assays, and functional confirmation in mice show that the ubiquitination and degradation of ATP-citrate lyase (ACLY) mediated by CUL3-KLHL25 promotes the switch from fatty acid synthesis to fatty acid oxidation for iTreg differentiation.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    HIF1α is required for NK cell metabolic adaptation during virus infection

    Francisco Victorino et al.
    During pathogen infection, natural killer cells require hypoxia-inducible factor-1α for optimal metabolism to prevent apoptosis, thereby reducing viral load and protecting against morbidity.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Integrated single-cell analysis unveils diverging immune features of COVID-19, influenza, and other community-acquired pneumonia

    Alex R Schuurman et al.
    Different etiologies of community-acquired pneumonia evoke both shared and diverging immunological responses.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Medicine

    Human immunocompetent Organ-on-Chip platforms allow safety profiling of tumor-targeted T-cell bispecific antibodies

    S Jordan Kerns et al.
    Novel human models of the lung and intestine are described and validated as preclinical in vitro tools for predictive profiling of T-cell-bispecific antibodies with expected on-target off-tumor risk.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Dynamically linking influenza virus infection kinetics, lung injury, inflammation, and disease severity

    Margaret A Myers et al.
    Important nonlinear links between infection, inflammation, and disease severity were revealed using experimentally validated mathematical models.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Unsupervised machine learning reveals key immune cell subsets in COVID-19, rhinovirus infection, and cancer therapy

    Sierra M Barone et al.
    Rare, virus-specific immune cells in human blood are automatically identified by machine learning algorithm T-REX and characterized for signature features needed for tracking and isolation.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Receptor repertoires of murine follicular T helper cells reveal a high clonal overlap in separate lymph nodes in autoimmunity

    Markus Niebuhr et al.
    Repertoires of autoreactive murine follicular T helper cells synchronize transiently within one individual.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    LMO2 is essential to maintain the ability of progenitors to differentiate into T-cell lineage in mice

    Ken-ichi Hirano et al.
    LMO2 plays an important role in the maintenance of T lymphocyte competence and survival of pre-thymic progenitors by regulating the expression of Bcl11a and Tcf7 genes.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Latent gammaherpesvirus exacerbates arthritis through modification of age-associated B cells

    Isobel C Mouat et al.
    Latent gammaherpesvirus infection predisposes mice to develop more severe disease following induction of arthritis by elevating pathogenic interferon-gamma-expressing age-associated B cells.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Notch-induced endoplasmic reticulum-associated degradation governs mouse thymocyte β−selection

    Xia Liu et al.
    Endoplasmic reticulum-associated degradation (ERAD) is a critical protein quality control checkpoint for thymocyte β-slection.

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