1,468 results found
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    TGFβ-dependent expression of PD-1 and PD-L1 controls CD8+ T cell anergy in transplant tolerance

    Marije Baas et al.
    The interplay between the cytokine TGFβ and the PD-1/PD-L1 pathway promotes CD8+ T cell anergy and tolerance towards transplanted tissues.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Functional proteomic atlas of HIV infection in primary human CD4+ T cells

    Adi Naamati et al.
    Identification and characterisation of proteins and processes regulated by HIV in primary human CD4+ T cells using an HIV reporter virus for one-step, antibody-free magnetic selection.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Thymic stromal lymphopoietin limits primary and recall CD8+ T-cell anti-viral responses

    Risa Ebina-Shibuya et al.
    Immunological analysis of wild-type and Crlf2-/- mice reveals a role for the cytokine thymic stromal lymphopoietin on memory CD8+ T-cell responses to viral infection, findings with potential translational implications.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Cell Biology

    Calcium-mediated shaping of naive CD4 T-cell phenotype and function

    Vincent Guichard et al.
    Calcium-calcineurin signaling cascade drives the acquisition of both the phenotype of the most self-reactive naive CD4 T cells and their enhanced cell-intrinsic ability to commit into induced regulatory T cells upon activation.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Sepsis impedes EAE disease development and diminishes autoantigen-specific naive CD4 T cells

    Isaac J Jensen et al.
    Sepsis-induced numerical loss of naive autoantigen-specific CD4 T cells reduces host capacity to develop autoimmune immune disease, thereby demonstrating an intriguing relationship between infection and autoimmune disease.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Bystander hyperactivation of preimmune CD8+ T cells in chronic HCV patients

    Cécile Alanio et al.
    Naïve CD8+ T cells are dysregulated during chronic hepatitis C (HCV) infection, and this is reversible after viral clearance.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Cytotoxic activities of CD8+ T cells collaborate with macrophages to protect against blood-stage murine malaria

    Takashi Imai et al.
    The cytotoxicity exerted by CD8+ T cells against parasitized erythroblasts helps to protect against blood-stage malaria by making parasitized cells susceptible to phagocytosis.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Self-recognition drives the preferential accumulation of promiscuous CD4+ T-cells in aged mice

    Neha R Deshpande et al.
    Higher affinity for self-pMHC complexes and broader promiscuity for foreign-pMHC complexes imparts a fitness advantage within the CD4+ T cell compartment in older mice.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Empty conformers of HLA-B preferentially bind CD8 and regulate CD8+ T cell function

    Jie Geng et al.
    HLA-B*35:01 molecules that are peptide-deficient are thermostable, bind CD8 with higher affinity than their peptide-filled versions, accumulate at immunological synapses and enhance antigen-specific CD8+ T cell immune responses.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Functionally specialized human CD4+ T-cell subsets express physicochemically distinct TCRs

    Sofya A Kasatskaya et al.
    Functional subsets of helper CD4+ T cells carry TCR repertoires with distinct features that are reproducible across donors and are partially acquired at the level of thymic selection.

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