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1,341 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Sodium taurocholate cotransporting polypeptide is a functional receptor for human hepatitis B and D virus

    Huan Yan et al.
    Biochemical and genetic tests have revealed that a liver protein called NTCP is a functional receptor for hepatitis B and D viruses, which should lead to an improved understanding of the infections caused by these viruses and assist the development of new intervention strategies.
    1. Neuroscience

    The activity-dependent histone variant H2BE modulates the life span of olfactory neurons

    Stephen W Santoro, Catherine Dulac
    A genome-organizing protein that is present only in the olfactory system of mice has been found to orchestrate changes in the relative numbers of different odor-sensing neurons on the basis of how active these neurons are.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Strong inter-population cooperation leads to partner intermixing in microbial communities

    Babak Momeni et al.
    Simulations and experiments on systems containing two different populations of microorganisms show that interactions that benefit at least one of the populations can lead to communities with stable compositions, and that strong cooperation between two populations can lead to communities in which both populations are mixed together.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Dendritic cells loaded with FK506 kill T cells in an antigen-specific manner and prevent autoimmunity in vivo

    Dana E Orange et al.
    By using immune cells called dendritic cells to deliver drugs, it is possible to target and kill specific members of another class of immune cell, known as T cells, and to prevent these cells from attacking the body's own tissues in cases of autoimmune disease.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Influenza-virus membrane fusion by cooperative fold-back of stochastically induced hemagglutinin intermediates

    Tijana Ivanovic et al.
    Long-lived intermediate states formed by glycoprotein catalysts are an essential part of the process used by influenza virus particles to infect cells.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    UNC93B1 mediates differential trafficking of endosomal TLRs

    Bettina L Lee et al.
    A transmembrane protein uses distinct mechanisms to regulate the movement of specific toll-like receptors-key immune system components involved in detecting pathogens-to their final locations inside cells.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Mutual inhibition among postmitotic neurons regulates robustness of brain wiring in Drosophila

    Marion Langen et al.
    The Notch signaling pathway has a central role in the development of the nervous system, and also in the establishment of networks of connections in the adult brain
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    AP2 hemicomplexes contribute independently to synaptic vesicle endocytosis

    Mingyu Gu et al.
    A protein complex that enables cells to transport substances across their membranes, and that typically consists of four subunits, can also function as two hemicomplexes, each with two subunits.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Rapid localized spread and immunologic containment define Herpes simplex virus-2 reactivation in the human genital tract

    Joshua T Schiffer et al.
    A combination of detailed sampling and mathematical modeling suggests that the response of immune cells to reactivation of herpes simplex virus 2 is extremely rapid and effective within microscopic areas of genital skin.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Cancer Biology

    A role for PVRL4-driven cell–cell interactions in tumorigenesis

    Natalya N Pavlova et al.
    A protein called PVRL4 has a central role in a number of cancers that originate in epithelial tissue, and anti-PVRL4 antibodies could be used to treat some of these cancers.

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