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    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    A molecular view on the escape of lipoplexed DNA from the endosome

    Bart MH Bruininks et al.
    The molecular insight in lipoplex transfection mechanisms helps in the development of efficient and affordable gene delivery systems.
    1. Neuroscience

    Stereotyped transcriptomic transformation of somatosensory neurons in response to injury

    Minh Q Nguyen et al.
    Peripheral injury induces a programmed but reversible transformation of gene expression in somatosensory neurons providing a mechanism to regulate sensory input during wound healing.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    Taar1 gene variants have a causal role in methamphetamine intake and response and interact with Oprm1

    Alexandra M Stafford et al.
    The trace amine-associated receptor 1 gene has a causal role in methamphetamine intake and thermal response, and interacts with the mu-opioid receptor gene in its methamphetamine addiction-related effects.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Endothelial heterogeneity across distinct vascular beds during homeostasis and inflammation

    Ankit Jambusaria et al.
    Vascular endothelial cells in the brain, heart and lung exhibit tissue-specific heterogeneity and plasticity, expressing genes that were traditionally thought to be only expressed by the surrounding parenchymal tissue cells.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Cryo-EM structure of the rhodopsin-Gαi-βγ complex reveals binding of the rhodopsin C-terminal tail to the gβ subunit

    Ching-Ju Tsai et al.
    The structure of a light-sensitive G protein-coupled receptor in complex with a Gi-protein heterotrimer provides a structural foundation for the role of the receptor C-terminal tail in scaffolding and signaling.
    1. Neuroscience

    Reactive oxygen species regulate activity-dependent neuronal plasticity in Drosophila

    Matthew CW Oswald et al.
    Reactive oxygen species, previously considered damaging agents linked to pathology, are required for normal neuronal plasticity, including adjustment of synaptic terminal size, maintenance of synaptic physiology and adaptive behavioural responses.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Genetic predisposition to uterine leiomyoma is determined by loci for genitourinary development and genome stability

    Niko Välimäki et al.
    Genetic predisposition to uterine leiomyomas arises from variation at loci for genetic stability and genitourinary development, and in part explains the frequent occurrence of the condition in women with African origin.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    A stable mode of bookmarking by TBP recruits RNA polymerase II to mitotic chromosomes

    Sheila S Teves et al.
    The general transcriptional machinery promotes the efficient reactivation of global transcription following mitosis, and thereby enables maintenance of transcriptional memory through the cell cycle.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Membrane insertion of α-xenorhabdolysin in near-atomic detail

    Evelyn Schubert et al.
    Cryo-EM and X-ray structures of α-xenorhabdolysin in soluble and pore form of Xenorhabdus nematophila give novel insights into the mechanism of action of bi-component α-pore-forming toxins.
    1. Neuroscience

    Rap2 and TNIK control Plexin-dependent tiled synaptic innervation in C. elegans

    Xi Chen et al.
    Plexin controls the spatial distribution of synapses by locally inhibiting Rap2 small GTPase activity along the axon, and a Rap2 effector, TNIK, which also plays a key role in inhibiting synapse number.