1,940 results found
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Complement and CD4+ T cells drive context-specific corneal sensory neuropathy

    Derek J Royer et al.
    The complement pathway can contribute to corneal sensation loss and nerve damage during ocular surface inflammation.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Visualizing the metazoan proliferation-quiescence decision in vivo

    Rebecca C Adikes et al.
    During organismal development, CDK activity at mitotic exit is predictive of future cell behavior, indicating whether a cell will divide again or enter a quiescent state.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    The CDK-PLK1 axis targets the DNA damage checkpoint sensor protein RAD9 to promote cell proliferation and tolerance to genotoxic stress

    Takeshi Wakida et al.
    Minimizing anti-proliferation signaling from DNA damage detection machinery is the tactic for the cells to drive proliferation under genotoxic environment, and the function is exerted by Polo-Like-Kinase1 that is frequently over-expressed in cancer cells.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    The kinase DYRK1A reciprocally regulates the differentiation of Th17 and regulatory T cells

    Bernard Khor et al.
    A chemical biology approach has identified the kinase DYRK1A as a new regulator of the inflammatory response.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    A pain-mediated neural signal induces relapse in murine autoimmune encephalomyelitis, a multiple sclerosis model

    Yasunobu Arima et al.
    Pain sensation induces relapse in a mouse model of multiple sclerosis via a sensory-sympathetic signaling pathway.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    HIV-1 Vpu is a potent transcriptional suppressor of NF-κB-elicited antiviral immune responses

    Simon Langer et al.
    By inhibiting the activation of NF-κB, HIV-1 Vpu exerts much broader immunosuppressive effects than previously anticipated and may be an important determinant of chronic inflammation in HIV-1 infected individuals.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Ordered arrangement of dendrites within a C. elegans sensory nerve bundle

    Zhiqi Candice Yip, Maxwell G Heiman
    A nerve bundle is not simply a cable of wires, but has order within it.
    1. Neuroscience

    Efficient sampling and noisy decisions

    Joseph A Heng et al.
    An efficient coding theory for higher-level cognitive processes reveals that humans efficiently adapt to contextual distributions by economizing on environmental prior information.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A mechanistic model for long-term immunological outcomes in South African HIV-infected children and adults receiving ART

    Eva Liliane Ujeneza et al.
    Long-term immune outcomes vary with age, for both adults and children in HIV-infected populations, e.g. long-term scaled carrying capacity is lower in HIV-infected younger individuals compared to older individuals.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Systemic hypoxia inhibits T cell response by limiting mitobiogenesis via matrix substrate-level phosphorylation arrest

    Amijai Saragovi et al.
    Systemic hypoxia model reveals the detrimental effect of hypoxia on mitochondrial biogenesis in activated T-cells and points at a new approach for improving viral resistance in patients with respiratory diseases.

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