4,594 results found
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    A CLC-ec1 mutant reveals global conformational change and suggests a unifying mechanism for the CLC Cl/H+ transport cycle

    Tanmay S Chavan et al.
    Crystallography together with electron-resonance spectroscopy, molecular-dynamics simulations, and transport measurements reveal the molecular details of protein conformational change, and how this change contributes to function in a CLC-type chloride/proton exchanger.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    IP3 mediated global Ca2+ signals arise through two temporally and spatially distinct modes of Ca2+ release

    Jeffrey T Lock, Ian Parker
    Cell-wide Ca2+ signals that regulate numerous cellular functions comprise dual Ca2+ release modes through IP3 receptors, punctate transients mediated by clustered receptors and spatiotemporally diffuse release through functionally distinct receptors.
    1. Developmental Biology

    The Warburg Effect and lactate signaling augment Fgf-MAPK to promote sensory-neural development in the otic vesicle

    Husniye Kantarci et al.
    Glycolysis is locally enhanced and redirected in zebrafish to generate lactate, which functions as a signaling molecule to fully activate Fgf target genes required for proper sensory and neural development.
    1. Cell Biology

    Cortical bone maturation in mice requires SOCS3 suppression of gp130/STAT3 signalling in osteocytes

    Emma C Walker et al.
    Targeted SOCS3 null mice reveal that maturation of cortical bone comprises both pore closure and accumulation of high density bone, requiring local suppression of gp130-STAT3 in osteocytes and subsequent osteoclastogenesis.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Characterization of the kinetic cycle of an ABC transporter by single-molecule and cryo-EM analyses

    Ling Wang et al.
    The conformational dynamics of multidrug resistance protein 1 (MRP1) are tracked in real time by single-molecule fluorescence resonance energy transfer experiments, which elucidate the rate-limiting mechanism of MRP1's transport cycle.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Neuroscience

    Circulating myeloid cells invade the central nervous system to mediate cachexia during pancreatic cancer

    Kevin G Burfeind et al.
    Circulating myeloid cells invade the brain during pancreatic cancer, where they accumulate at a unique central nervous system interface and drive anorexia and muscle catabolism.
    1. Cell Biology

    Keratin 14-dependent disulfides regulate epidermal homeostasis and barrier function via 14-3-3σ and YAP1

    Yajuan Guo et al.
    Keratin filaments are revealed as novel regulators of entry into terminal differentiation in the epidermis via an ability to modulate YAP1 function and Hippo signaling.
    1. Cell Biology

    Asymmetric clustering of centrosomes defines the early evolution of tetraploid cells

    Nicolaas C Baudoin et al.
    Newly formed tetraploid cells rapidly lose extra centrosomes acquired upon tetraploidization via asymmetric centrosome clustering during cell division and selective advantage of tetraploid daughter cells that inherit a single centrosome.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Tgfb3 collaborates with PP2A and notch signaling pathways to inhibit retina regeneration

    Mi-Sun Lee et al.
    Tgfb3 inhibits Muller glial cell reprogramming and drives Muller cell quiescence in the injured zebrafish retina, thereby inhibiting retina regeneration.
    1. Neuroscience

    Spontaneous and evoked neurotransmission are partially segregated at inhibitory synapses

    Patricia M Horvath et al.
    GABAergic postsynaptic responses mediated by spontaneous and evoked neurotransmitter release are partially segregated, suggesting they may serve distinct roles in neuronal signaling.

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