749 results found
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A mutant Escherichia coli that attaches peptidoglycan to lipopolysaccharide and displays cell wall on its surface

    Marcin Grabowicz et al.
    A single mutation in Escherichia coli connects two essential cell envelope assembly pathways and confers vancomycin resistance by displaying molecular decoys at the cell surface.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Contractile acto-myosin network on nuclear envelope remnants positions human chromosomes for mitosis

    Alexander JR Booth et al.
    Live-cell imaging shows that the contractile acto-myosin network on the nuclear envelope remnant positions chromosomes in early mitosis to ensure efficient and correct interactions between chromosomes and the mitotic spindle.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Coordination of peptidoglycan synthesis and outer membrane constriction during Escherichia coli cell division

    Andrew N Gray et al.
    The protein CpoB regulates PBP1B activity in response to the Tol energy state, which facilitates feedback and synchronicity between envelope constriction processes during Gram-negative bacterial cell division.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    The HIV-1 envelope protein gp120 is captured and displayed for B cell recognition by SIGN-R1+ lymph node macrophages

    Chung Park et al.
    Lymph node gp120 specific B cells extract locally injected HIV-1 gp120 from SIGN-R1 positive macrophages that line the subcapsular sinus overlying the lymph node interfollicular channels.
  1. Nuclear pore assembly proceeds by an inside-out extrusion of the nuclear envelope

    Shotaro Otsuka et al.
    Nuclear pores assemble asymmetrically, by an inside-out evagination of the inner nuclear membrane that grows in diameter and depth until it fuses with the flat outer nuclear membrane.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Class-A penicillin binding proteins do not contribute to cell shape but repair cell-wall defects

    Antoine Vigouroux et al.
    Class-A penicillin-binding proteins are dispensable for rod-like cell-shape but essential for mechanical integrity by sensing and repairing cell-wall defects locally, as investigated in the model system Escherichia coli.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Distinct functional determinants of influenza hemagglutinin-mediated membrane fusion

    Tijana Ivanovic, Stephen C Harrison
    The mechanism of membrane-fusion catalysis in influenza viral infection of target cells is robust against the presence of a large fraction of non-productive viral fusion proteins.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    The Lamin B receptor is essential for cholesterol synthesis and perturbed by disease-causing mutations

    Pei-Ling Tsai et al.
    Lamin B receptor may provide a long-sought model system enabling unprecedented studies of protein quality control in the nuclear envelope of mammalian cells.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Profiling the Escherichia coli membrane protein interactome captured in Peptidisc libraries

    Michael Luke Carlson et al.
    Trapping of the cell envelope proteome into water-soluble peptidisc library allows high-throughput definition of the membrane protein interactome.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Phylogenomic analysis supports the ancestral presence of LPS-outer membranes in the Firmicutes

    Luisa CS Antunes et al.
    Phylogenomics provides support for the Gram-positive type of bacterial cell envelope being a derived character that arose independently multiple times through loss of an ancestral outer membrane.

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