596 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Activity-dependent tuning of intrinsic excitability in mouse and human neurogliaform cells

    Ramesh Chittajallu et al.
    Similar to their mouse counterparts, human neurogliaform cells that comprise a specialized from of inhibitory neuron, possess the ability to modulate their intrinsic excitability in response to ongoing network activity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Infant and adult SCA13 mutations differentially affect Purkinje cell excitability, maturation, and viability in vivo

    Jui-Yi Hsieh et al.
    Electrophysiological analysis and imaging in live zebrafish reveal that infant- and adult-onset SCA13 mutations have distinct effects on the electrical activity, development, and survival of cerebellar Purkinje cells.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Purinergic signaling in cochlear supporting cells reduces hair cell excitability by increasing the extracellular space

    Travis A Babola et al.
    Supporting cells in the cochlea change their shape in response to purinergic receptor activation, which influences hair cell excitability by altering potassium redistribution in the extracellular space.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    TMC1 is an essential component of a leak channel that modulates tonotopy and excitability of auditory hair cells in mice

    Shuang Liu et al.
    Other than its function in mechanotransduction, TMC1 is indispensable for action potential firing of auditory hair cells by mediating a leak conductance that alters tonotopically along the cochlea coil.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Cell-type-specific regulation of neuronal intrinsic excitability by macroautophagy

    Ori J Lieberman et al.
    In addition to its classic role in synaptic function and plasticity, macroautophagy regulates neuronal intrinsic excitability via degradation of acetylated Kir2 channels to control neurotransmission.
    1. Neuroscience

    Kv1.1 contributes to a rapid homeostatic plasticity of intrinsic excitability in CA1 pyramidal neurons in vivo

    Peter James Morgan et al.
    Short, theta-bursts of action potential firing decrease the global excitability of CA1 pyramidal neurons, providing an internal mechanism which could regulate their allocation to memory engrams.
    1. Neuroscience

    SIR-2.1 integrates metabolic homeostasis with the reproductive neuromuscular excitability in early aging male Caenorhabditis elegans

    Xiaoyan Guo, L René García
    A protein called SIR-2.1 helps to protect worms from the effects of aging by regulating metabolic processes that would otherwise generate damaging reactive oxygen species.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Synaptic and intrinsic mechanisms underlying development of cortical direction selectivity

    Arani Roy et al.
    The development of neural responses proceeds through both the expansion and contraction of receptive field structure, and in addition depends upon changes in excitability of individual cells.
    1. Neuroscience

    Endocannabinoid signaling enhances visual responses through modulation of intracellular chloride levels in retinal ganglion cells

    Loïs S Miraucourt et al.
    Endocannabinoid activation of the CB1 receptor on retinal ganglion cells in the eye results in enhanced excitability and responsiveness to visual stimulation through a novel mechanism involving intracellular chloride regulation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Sex Difference: What does cannabis do to the brain before birth?

    Stefano Musardo, Camilla Bellone
    Being exposed to cannabinoids in the womb has different consequences for male and female rats. .
    Insight
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