5,071 results found
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Mitochondrial fusion supports increased oxidative phosphorylation during cell proliferation

    Cong-Hui Yao et al.
    In addition to increasing glycolysis, some proliferating cells exhibiting the Warburg effect also increase oxidative phosphorylation through mitochondrial fusion.
    1. Cell Biology

    A viral fusogen hijacks the actin cytoskeleton to drive cell-cell fusion

    Ka Man Carmen Chan et al.
    A viral fusogen drives cell-cell fusion by hijacking the actin machinery to directly couple actin assembly with a short fusogenic ectodomain.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Requirement of myomaker-mediated stem cell fusion for skeletal muscle hypertrophy

    Qingnian Goh, Douglas P Millay
    Myomaker is activated on muscle stem cells to promote their fusion with myofibers, which is essential for induction of pro-growth signaling pathways and physiological muscle hypertrophy.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Junction Mapper is a novel computer vision tool to decipher cell–cell contact phenotypes

    Helena Brezovjakova et al.
    Junction Mapper is a powerful new semi-automated software that provides a fingerprint of cell–cell contact morphometry and receptor density alterations.
    1. Cell Biology

    A new class of cyclin dependent kinase in Chlamydomonas is required for coupling cell size to cell division

    Yubing Li et al.
    CDKG1 is a D-cyclin dependent retinoblastoma related protein kinase whose abundance scales with cell size and controls cell division cycle number during multiple fission.
    1. Neuroscience

    Connectomic analysis reveals an interneuron with an integral role in the retinal circuit for night vision

    Silvia JH Park et al.
    Anatomical and physiological analyses identified an inhibitory interneuron that is an integral part of the rod bipolar cell pathway, the circuit for night vision, of the mammalian retina.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Distinct functional determinants of influenza hemagglutinin-mediated membrane fusion

    Tijana Ivanovic, Stephen C Harrison
    The mechanism of membrane-fusion catalysis in influenza viral infection of target cells is robust against the presence of a large fraction of non-productive viral fusion proteins.
    1. Neuroscience

    Otoferlin acts as a Ca2+ sensor for vesicle fusion and vesicle pool replenishment at auditory hair cell ribbon synapses

    Nicolas Michalski et al.
    Targeted mutations in a Ca2+-binding site of otoferlin, a transmembrane protein of synaptic vesicles defective in a recessive form of deafness, reveal its Ca2+ sensor role both for vesicle fusion and vesicle pool replenishment.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Regulation of cell protrusions by small GTPases during fusion of the neural folds

    Ana Rolo et al.
    The completion of neural tube closure requires small GTPase-regulated membrane protrusions from non-neural ectoderm cells at the tips of the neural folds.
    1. Cell Biology

    Kinesin-6 regulates cell-size-dependent spindle elongation velocity to keep mitosis duration constant in fission yeast

    Lara Katharina Krüger et al.
    The scaling of spindle elongation velocity with cell size is regulated by the amounts of Kinesin-6 molecules and the number of binding sites for the motor to the mitotic spindle.

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