3,471 results found
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Heterogeneous T cell motility behaviors emerge from a coupling between speed and turning in vivo

    Elizabeth R Jerison, Stephen R Quake
    Motile interstitial T cells in live zebrafish access a broad range of length-scales due to long-lived cell-intrinsic variation in speed, and a coupling between speed and directional persistence.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Intermittent Ca2+ signals mediated by Orai1 regulate basal T cell motility

    Tobias X Dong et al.
    Orai1 channels activate intermittently in motile T cells, generating calcium transients, detected by a novel genetically encoded indicator and inducing pauses that favor antigen scanning.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Extracellular matrix in multicellular aggregates acts as a pressure sensor controlling cell proliferation and motility

    Monika E Dolega et al.
    Theoretical predictions and experiments on multicellular aggregates indicate that the extracellular matrix acts as a mechanical sensor, which regulates cell proliferation and migration in a three-dimensional environment.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Malaria parasite LIMP protein regulates sporozoite gliding motility and infectivity in mosquito and mammalian hosts

    Jorge M Santos et al.
    A small surface protein regulates gliding motility and host cell invasion by the sporozoite stage of the malaria parasite.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    The frequency limit of outer hair cell motility measured in vivo

    Anna Vavakou et al.
    The cells in our inner ear commonly believed to provide fast mechanical feedback are too sluggish to follow the vibrations evoked by high-frequency sounds.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Hair follicle dermal condensation forms via Fgf20 primed cell cycle exit, cell motility, and aggregation

    Leah C Biggs et al.
    The hair follicle dermal condensate is populated via migration, and the cells exhibit early changes in cell shape and cell cycle status; Fgf20 primes these cellular and molecular events.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Fibroblastic reticular cell-derived lysophosphatidic acid regulates confined intranodal T-cell motility

    Akira Takeda et al.
    A lipid mediator lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) derived from fibroblastic reticular cells regulates T-cell movement through the densely packed reticular network in lymph nodes in a manner dependent on the LPA receptor LPA2-ROCK-myosin II.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Three F-actin assembly centers regulate organelle inheritance, cell-cell communication and motility in Toxoplasma gondii

    Nicolò Tosetti et al.
    Toxoplasma gondii formins have several non-overlapping roles including generating an apico-basal flux of F-actin that is controlled by phosphorylation and methylation and is essential for motility.
    1. Cell Biology

    Polo-like kinase 1 induces epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition and promotes epithelial cell motility by activating CRAF/ERK signaling

    Jianguo Wu et al.
    Overexpression of PLK1 triggers oncogenic transformation and transcriptional reprogramming of prostate epithelial cells, which stimulates cell migration and invasion.
    1. Cell Biology

    Controlling fertilization and cAMP signaling in sperm by optogenetics

    Vera Jansen et al.
    Optogenetics is a non-invasive way to study cAMP signaling in sperm cells, which is able to control sperm motility and fertilization.

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