4,199 results found
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Surface-to-volume scaling and aspect ratio preservation in rod-shaped bacteria

    Nikola Ojkic et al.
    Rod-shaped bacteria preserve their aspect ratios and surface-to-volume scaling by maintaining a homeostatic balance between the rates of cell elongation and division protein synthesis.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Digital signaling decouples activation probability and population heterogeneity

    Ryan A Kellogg et al.
    Digital NF-κB signaling achieves orthogonal control over the probability of activation (percentage of activated cells) and dynamic response heterogeneity in the population via the area and shape of the input profile.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Crk proteins transduce FGF signaling to promote lens fiber cell elongation

    Tamica N Collins et al.
    Crk proteins are critical mediators of FGF signaling to control cell shape changes.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Patterned cortical tension mediated by N-cadherin controls cell geometric order in the Drosophila eye

    Eunice HoYee Chan et al.
    N-cadherin at heterotypic contacts controls the level and asymmetric localisation of Myosin-II motor, thereby influencing cell shapes and cell packing.
  1. Point of view: Motivating participation in open science by examining researcher incentives

    Sarah E Ali-Khan et al.
    A survey of researchers at the Montreal Neurological Institute and Hospital provides insights into the challenges and opportunities involved in adopting an open science policy across an entire patient-oriented academic institution.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Cutting Edge: Promoting international collaboration and creativity in doctoral students

    Christopher M Groen et al.
    Staff from the Mayo Clinic in the US and the Karolinska Institute in Sweden describe a joint transatlantic course intended to broaden the horizons of the next generation of researchers in the field of regenerative medicine.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Multicellularity: The evolution of gene regulation

    Veronica Hinman, Gregory Cary
    The gene regulation mechanisms necessary for the development of complex multicellular animals have been found in sponges.
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    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Meiosis: Stopping chromosomes from breaking bad

    Rima Sandhu, G Valentin Börner
    The scaffolding that holds chromosome pairs together plays a key role in limiting the levels of double-strand breaks.
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    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Point of View: Is cell size a spandrel?

    Ariel Amir
    Analysis of experiments on bacteria suggests that the dependence of cell size on growth rate is not an adaptation but a causal consequence of a regulatory mechanism that controls DNA replication.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Ion Channels: From ions to insulin

    Voula Kanelis
    Electron cryo-microscopy has revealed the three-dimensional structure of a potassium channel that has a central role in regulating the release of insulin from the pancreas.
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