5,885 results found
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Distinct cytoskeletal proteins define zones of enhanced cell wall synthesis in Helicobacter pylori

    Jennifer A Taylor et al.
    The helical bacterium Helicobacter pylori patterns cell wall synthesis using two distinct cytoskeletal proteins, CcmA and MreB, to achieve its characteristic shape.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Surface-to-volume scaling and aspect ratio preservation in rod-shaped bacteria

    Nikola Ojkic et al.
    Rod-shaped bacteria preserve their aspect ratios and surface-to-volume scaling by maintaining a homeostatic balance between the rates of cell elongation and division protein synthesis.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Origin and evolution of the nuclear auxin response system

    Sumanth K Mutte et al.
    The system that controls gene expression by the plant signaling molecule auxin has deep evolutionary roots, and stepwise increases in system complexity shaped the highly diverse auxin response in land plants.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Auxin regulates SNARE-dependent vacuolar morphology restricting cell size

    Christian Löfke et al.
    Vacuolar morphologenesis correlates with cell size and is required for auxin-dependent inhibition of growth.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Mechanotransduction current is essential for stability of the transducing stereocilia in mammalian auditory hair cells

    A Catalina Vélez-Ortega et al.
    The remarkable lifelong stability of mechanotransducing stereocilia of the inner ear hair cells depends on the activity of the transduction ion channels located at the tips of these mechanosensory projections.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Subcellular and supracellular mechanical stress prescribes cytoskeleton behavior in Arabidopsis cotyledon pavement cells

    Arun Sampathkumar et al.
    In the Arabidopsis epidermis, the internal mechanical stress of a cell competes with the external stress to control microtubule behavior, providing a framework to understand the mechanical feedbacks that underlie plant morphogenesis.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Patterned cortical tension mediated by N-cadherin controls cell geometric order in the Drosophila eye

    Eunice HoYee Chan et al.
    N-cadherin at heterotypic contacts controls the level and asymmetric localisation of Myosin-II motor, thereby influencing cell shapes and cell packing.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    MreB filaments align along greatest principal membrane curvature to orient cell wall synthesis

    Saman Hussain et al.
    MreB filaments bind, orient, and move along the direction of greatest membrane curvature, thus orienting the insertion of new glycan strands around the cell circumference in a manner that may help establish and maintain rod shape.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Cell Biology

    Assembly and positioning of actomyosin rings by contractility and planar cell polarity

    Ivonne M Sehring et al.
    Contractility wins over the polarity pathway in a tug-of-war to position a cytokinesis-like actomyosin ring at the equator of notochord cells.
    1. Neuroscience

    A novel class of inferior colliculus principal neurons labeled in vasoactive intestinal peptide-Cre mice

    David Goyer et al.
    VIP neurons are a novel class of inferior colliculus stellate neurons that project to long-range auditory and non-auditory targets and integrate inputs from the auditory brainstem and contralateral IC.

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