6,405 results found
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Variations in HLA-B cell surface expression, half-life and extracellular antigen receptivity

    Brogan Yarzabek et al.
    Lymphocytes and monocytes maintain their cell surface HLA-B via different mechanisms, which in turn differently influence cell-surface expression, half-life and peptide receptivity of HLA-B allotypes.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Bacterial autolysins trim cell surface peptidoglycan to prevent detection by the Drosophila innate immune system

    Magda Luciana Atilano et al.
    To avoid recognition by the immune system, bacteria use autolysins to trim fragments of peptidoglycans that are exposed on the bacterial cell wall.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A mutant Escherichia coli that attaches peptidoglycan to lipopolysaccharide and displays cell wall on its surface

    Marcin Grabowicz et al.
    A single mutation in Escherichia coli connects two essential cell envelope assembly pathways and confers vancomycin resistance by displaying molecular decoys at the cell surface.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    The dual role of amyloid-β-sheet sequences in the cell surface properties of FLO11-encoded flocculins in Saccharomyces cerevisiae

    Clara Bouyx et al.
    The role of amyloid-β-aggregation sequence and of the various domains in the physiological function of the FLO11-encoded adhesin in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae are disclosed in this report.
    1. Plant Biology

    A lectin receptor kinase as a potential sensor for extracellular nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide in Arabidopsis thaliana

    Chenggang Wang et al.
    Genetic and biochemical analyses demonstrate that cell-surface lectin receptors can potentially function as extracellular NAD+-binding receptors and provide direct evidence for extracellular NAD+ being a bona fide endogenous signaling molecule in plants.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Measuring ligand-cell surface receptor affinities with axial line-scanning fluorescence correlation spectroscopy

    Antonia Franziska Eckert et al.
    A robust fluorescence microscopy-based data acquisition and analysis framework affords the precise measurement of cell surface receptor affinities toward their cognate ligands and their densities in live cells/tissues.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cancer Biology

    Targeting RAS-driven human cancer cells with antibodies to upregulated and essential cell-surface proteins

    Alexander J Martinko et al.
    Proteomics and functional genomics coupled to an antibody discovery pipeline revealed the influence of oncogenic RAS signaling on the cell-surface proteome and resulted in the discovery of potential therapeutic targets for RAS-driven cancers.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Kin discrimination in social yeast is mediated by cell surface receptors of the Flo11 adhesin family

    Stefan Brückner et al.
    Structural, biophysical and physiological analysis reveals how yeast cell surface adhesins evolved to confer self-nonself discrimination in single cells and whole populations.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    A toolkit for studying cell surface shedding of diverse transmembrane receptors

    Amanda N Hayward et al.
    The modularity and unequivocal input/response of Notch signaling are harnessed to measure cell-surface shedding of diverse transmembrane receptors to identify new proteolytic switches and detect modulation of proteolysis by therapeutics.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Contact-dependent killing by Caulobacter crescentus via cell surface-associated, glycine zipper proteins

    Leonor García-Bayona et al.
    Genetic, biochemical, and cell biological approaches reveal a new form of contact-dependent inhibition in bacteria involving bacteriocin-like proteins that aggregate on the surface of cells.

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