5,156 results found
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Contact-dependent killing by Caulobacter crescentus via cell surface-associated, glycine zipper proteins

    Leonor García-Bayona et al.
    Genetic, biochemical, and cell biological approaches reveal a new form of contact-dependent inhibition in bacteria involving bacteriocin-like proteins that aggregate on the surface of cells.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    A surface proton antenna in carbonic anhydrase II supports lactate transport in cancer cells

    Sina Ibne Noor et al.
    Carbonic anhydrase II features a surface proton antenna that exclusively mediates proton exchange with monocarboxylate transporters to facilitate proton-coupled lactate transport in cancer cells.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Regulation of nerve growth and patterning by cell surface protein disulphide isomerase

    Geoffrey MW Cook et al.
    The nerve growth-repellent activity that generates spinal nerve repeat-patterning in birds and mammals is identified at the molecular level, and a similar system is revealed in adult brain grey matter.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cancer Biology

    Targeting RAS-driven human cancer cells with antibodies to upregulated and essential cell-surface proteins

    Alexander J Martinko et al.
    Proteomics and functional genomics coupled to an antibody discovery pipeline revealed the influence of oncogenic RAS signaling on the cell-surface proteome and resulted in the discovery of potential therapeutic targets for RAS-driven cancers.
    1. Medicine
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Lysosomal protein surface expression discriminates fat- from bone-forming human mesenchymal precursor cells

    Jiajia Xu et al.
    CD107a expression divides osteogenic from adipogenic perivascular precursor cells within human white adipose tissue.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    iTAP, a novel iRhom interactor, controls TNF secretion by policing the stability of iRhom/TACE

    Ioanna Oikonomidi et al.
    Secretion of the inflammatory cytokine TNF requires a protein called iTAP/FrmD8, which controls the cell surface stability of the TNF shedding machinery, iRhom2 and TACE/ADAM17.
    1. Plant Biology

    Glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored proteins as chaperones and co-receptors for FERONIA receptor kinase signaling in Arabidopsis

    Chao Li et al.
    FERONIA receptor kinase interacts with phosphatidylinositol-anchored proteins LORELEI and LLG1 to ensure its proper functional location in the cell membrane and engages them as co-receptors on the cell surface to mediate a broad spectrum of growth and signaling processes.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    A novel GTP-binding protein–adaptor protein complex responsible for export of Vangl2 from the trans Golgi network

    Yusong Guo et al.
    The ability of epithelial cells to distinguish between domains on opposing cell surfaces within a tissue, a property known as planar cell polarity, relies on proteins and protein complexes directing the traffic of signaling proteins to specific locations on the cell surface membrane.
    1. Cell Biology

    Cortical regulation of cell size by a sizer cdr2p

    Kally Z Pan et al.
    It is shown that fission yeast cells sense their size by measuring their surface area through a membrane-associated sizer protein cdr2p.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Phosphorylation of iRhom2 at the plasma membrane controls mammalian TACE-dependent inflammatory and growth factor signalling

    Adam Graham Grieve et al.
    The iRhom2 protein, a catalytically inactive relative of rhomboid proteases, controls inflammation and growth factor signalling by acting as an essential multifunctional regulatory subunit of the cell surface shedding protease TACE (ADAM17).

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