11,734 results found
    1. Ecology
    2. Neuroscience

    Patterns of call communication between group-housed zebra finches change during the breeding cycle

    Lisa F Gill et al.
    Call-based vocal communication of individually recorded zebra finches changes in social groups across reproductive stages and is related with successful egg laying.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Distinct cytoskeletal proteins define zones of enhanced cell wall synthesis in Helicobacter pylori

    Jennifer A Taylor et al.
    The helical bacterium Helicobacter pylori patterns cell wall synthesis using two distinct cytoskeletal proteins, CcmA and MreB, to achieve its characteristic shape.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Cell-wall remodeling drives engulfment during Bacillus subtilis sporulation

    Nikola Ojkic et al.
    Imaging experiments and simulations reveal that the biophysical mechanism for force generation needed to engulf a forespore is based on coordinated cell wall synthesis and degradation.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Class-A penicillin binding proteins do not contribute to cell shape but repair cell-wall defects

    Antoine Vigouroux et al.
    Class-A penicillin-binding proteins are dispensable for rod-like cell-shape but essential for mechanical integrity by sensing and repairing cell-wall defects locally, as investigated in the model system Escherichia coli.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Membrane-partitioned cell wall synthesis in mycobacteria

    Alam García-Heredia et al.
    Mycobacteria employ plasma membrane compartments to organize their cell wall synthesis, and the finalized cell wall compartmentalizes the plasma membrane to promote an environment conducive to its own synthesis.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    MreB filaments align along greatest principal membrane curvature to orient cell wall synthesis

    Saman Hussain et al.
    MreB filaments bind, orient, and move along the direction of greatest membrane curvature, thus orienting the insertion of new glycan strands around the cell circumference in a manner that may help establish and maintain rod shape.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    T-ALL leukemia stem cell 'stemness' is epigenetically controlled by the master regulator SPI1

    Haichuan Zhu et al.
    The identification of key determinants of LSC “stemness” and LSC differentiation that is reversible through an epigenetic mechanism may have considerable implications in understanding leukemia and designing effective therapies.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Essential metabolism for a minimal cell

    Marian Breuer et al.
    A near-complete flux balance analysis model of a minimal cell demonstrates the high essentiality of its metabolic genes, agrees well with experimental essentiality data and suggests some further gene removals.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    An efficient and scalable pipeline for epitope tagging in mammalian stem cells using Cas9 ribonucleoprotein

    Pooran Singh Dewari et al.
    Biochemical tags can be easily knocked into endogenous genes in mammalian stem cells using optimised and scalable protocols that will enable annotation of protein levels, localisation and interaction partners.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    The transpeptidase PBP2 governs initial localization and activity of the major cell-wall synthesis machinery in E. coli

    Gizem Özbaykal et al.
    For initiation of cell-wall insertion, the cross-linking enzyme PBP2 stably binds to a component of the cell envelope that is different from MreB filaments.

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