8,155 results found
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Cell-wall remodeling drives engulfment during Bacillus subtilis sporulation

    Nikola Ojkic et al.
    Imaging experiments and simulations reveal that the biophysical mechanism for force generation needed to engulf a forespore is based on coordinated cell wall synthesis and degradation.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Class-A penicillin binding proteins do not contribute to cell shape but repair cell-wall defects

    Antoine Vigouroux et al.
    Class-A penicillin-binding proteins are dispensable for rod-like cell-shape but essential for mechanical integrity by sensing and repairing cell-wall defects locally, as investigated in the model system Escherichia coli.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    TIR1/AFB-Aux/IAA auxin perception mediates rapid cell wall acidification and growth of Arabidopsis hypocotyls

    Matyáš Fendrych et al.
    The nuclear pathway for auxin perception is responsible for the rapid auxin-induced cell wall acidification and growth of aerial organs of plants.
    1. Ecology
    2. Neuroscience

    Patterns of call communication between group-housed zebra finches change during the breeding cycle

    Lisa F Gill et al.
    Call-based vocal communication of individually recorded zebra finches changes in social groups across reproductive stages and is related with successful egg laying.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    T-ALL leukemia stem cell 'stemness' is epigenetically controlled by the master regulator SPI1

    Haichuan Zhu et al.
    The identification of key determinants of LSC “stemness” and LSC differentiation that is reversible through an epigenetic mechanism may have considerable implications in understanding leukemia and designing effective therapies.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    MreB filaments align along greatest principal membrane curvature to orient cell wall synthesis

    Saman Hussain et al.
    MreB filaments bind, orient, and move along the direction of greatest membrane curvature, thus orienting the insertion of new glycan strands around the cell circumference in a manner that may help establish and maintain rod shape.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Plasticity of Escherichia coli cell wall metabolism promotes fitness and antibiotic resistance across environmental conditions

    Elizabeth A Mueller et al.
    Environmental specialization of bacterial cell wall synthases influences intrinsic resistance to cell wall active antibiotics.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Homeostatic control of cell wall hydrolysis by the WalRK two-component signaling pathway in Bacillus subtilis

    Genevieve S Dobihal et al.
    Molecular genetic analyses define the first homeostatic control pathway that maintains cell wall remodeling activity during bacterial growth.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A cytoplasmic peptidoglycan amidase homologue controls mycobacterial cell wall synthesis

    Cara C Boutte et al.
    Cell wall biosynthesis in mycobacteria is regulated by an unusual post-translational regulatory system that contributes to antibiotic tolerance during stress.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Distinct cytoskeletal proteins define zones of enhanced cell wall synthesis in Helicobacter pylori

    Jennifer A Taylor et al.
    The helical bacterium Helicobacter pylori patterns cell wall synthesis using two distinct cytoskeletal proteins, CcmA and MreB, to achieve its characteristic shape.

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