8,430 results found
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    PACT-mediated PKR activation acts as a hyperosmotic stress intensity sensor weakening osmoadaptation and enhancing inflammation

    Kenneth T Farabaugh et al.
    Changes in the interactome of the Rel family of transcription factors control adaptation to the environmental stress of hyperosmolarity and determine cell fate.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Application of optogenetic Amyloid-β distinguishes between metabolic and physical damages in neurodegeneration

    Chu Hsien Lim et al.
    An optogenetic approach has been developed to model Alzheimer's disease allowing light-induced Amyloid-β aggregation and tested in three model organisms, Drosophila, C. elegans and D. rerio.
    1. Neuroscience

    Rapid regulation of vesicle priming explains synaptic facilitation despite heterogeneous vesicle:Ca2+ channel distances

    Janus RL Kobbersmed et al.
    Heterogeneous distances between vesicles and Ca2+-channels make synapses prone to short-term depression, however, Ca2+-dependent increases in the number of release-ready vesicles supports facilitation even with broadly distributed vesicle:Ca2+-channel distances.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine

    Inflammatory osteolysis is regulated by site-specific ISGylation of the scaffold protein NEMO

    Naga Suresh Adapala et al.
    Site-specific modification of NEMO facilitates RANKL signal specificity in myeloid progenitors and serves as a potential target to modulate inflammatory osteolysis through ISG15-dependent autophagy.
    1. Neuroscience

    Feedback inhibition and its control in an insect olfactory circuit

    Subhasis Ray et al.
    Electrophysiological recordings and a large-scale biophysical model show that a unique inhibitory neuron plays a central role in structuring olfactory codes in the insect brain.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine

    High-phytate/low-calcium diet is a risk factor for crystal nephropathies, renal phosphate wasting, and bone loss

    Ok-Hee Kim et al.
    A high-phytate-low Ca2+ diet causes crystal nephropathies, renal phosphate wasting, and bone disease in rats, whereas high Ca2+ intake ameliorates the detrimental effects of a high-phytate diet.
    1. Ecology
    2. Neuroscience

    The social life of Norway rats (Rattus norvegicus)

    Manon K Schweinfurth
    Rats are highly social animals that show complex social skills, which has not been acknowledged enough when controlling them in the wild and conducting research in the laboratory.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Cooperative enzymatic control of N-acyl amino acids by PM20D1 and FAAH

    Joon T Kim et al.
    Enzymatic division of labor is identified as an enabling biochemical strategy for regulating a family of structurally diverse bioactive lipids.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Flexible linkers in CaMKII control the balance between activating and inhibitory autophosphorylation

    Moitrayee Bhattacharyya et al.
    Differences in the flexible linkers connecting the kinase domain to an oligomeric hub modulate CaMKII activity by changing the balance between activating and inhibitory autophosphorylation.

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