8,358 results found
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Cell-to-cell infection by HIV contributes over half of virus infection

    Shingo Iwami et al.
    The human immunodeficiency virus HIV-1 primarily spreads between cells using a method called cell-to-cell infection, suggesting that this process may be a target for anti-viral drugs.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Crucial role for T cell-intrinsic IL-18R-MyD88 signaling in cognate immune response to intracellular parasite infection

    Ana-Carolina Oliveira et al.
    Development of a robust Th1 response to infection against an intracellular parasite requires T-cell intrinsic MyD88 signaling, mostly through the upstream IL-18 receptor, for the induction of genes involved in proliferation, cytokine production and migration.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    CD28 expression is required after T cell priming for helper T cell responses and protective immunity to infection

    Michelle A Linterman et al.
    The co-stimulatory molecule CD28 is required after T cell priming for helper T cell polarization in response to an infection.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    TLR induces reorganization of the IgM-BCR complex regulating murine B-1 cell responses to infections

    Hannah P Savage et al.
    B-1 cell unresponsiveness to antigen-stimulation is overcome during infections when Toll-like receptor engagement removes negative regulators of B cell receptor signaling, thereby supporting B-1 cell differentiation to IgM-secreting plasmablasts.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Incomplete inhibition of HIV infection results in more HIV infected lymph node cells by reducing cell death

    Laurelle Jackson et al.
    Under conditions where the force of HIV infection per cell is high, partial attenuation of infection with inhibitors can increase the number of live infected cells and may paradoxically be beneficial for viral spread.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    A lung-on-chip model of early Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection reveals an essential role for alveolar epithelial cells in controlling bacterial growth

    Vivek V Thacker et al.
    Time-lapse imaging and the modular recreation of host physiology reveal that alveolar epithelial cells, potential permissive infection sites for Mycobacterium tuberculosis, can restrict early bacterial growth via surfactant secretion.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    HIV efficiently infects T cells from the endometrium and remodels them to promote systemic viral spread

    Tongcui Ma et al.
    CD4+ T cells from the female reproductive tract are unusually susceptible to HIV infection and are altered by HIV in ways that promote survival and systemic spread of the virus.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Differential cell autonomous responses determine the outcome of coxsackievirus infections in murine pancreatic α and β cells

    Laura Marroqui et al.
    Pancreatic α and β cells have different cell autonomous signatures; this explains why α but not β cells can clear infections by potentially diabetogenic viruses.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Longitudinal high-throughput TCR repertoire profiling reveals the dynamics of T-cell memory formation after mild COVID-19 infection

    Anastasia A Minervina et al.
    Longitudinal tracking of individual T-cell clones reveals the expansion of pre-existing T-cell memory in response to SARS-CoV-2 infection.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Parvovirus minute virus of mice interacts with sites of cellular DNA damage to establish and amplify its lytic infection

    Kinjal Majumder et al.
    Development of a generally adaptable conformational capture assay for use in-trans identifies the specific direct interaction sites between the parvovirus minute virus of mice and the cellular genome during infection as sites of cellular DNA damage.

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