6,729 results found
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Trogocytosis-associated cell to cell spread of intracellular bacterial pathogens

    Shaun Steele et al.
    Live intracellular bacterial pathogens can transfer from infected cells to uninfected macrophages upon cell-to-cell contact.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Listeria monocytogenes cell-to-cell spread in epithelia is heterogeneous and dominated by rare pioneer bacteria

    Fabian E Ortega et al.
    The pathogenic bacterium Listeria monocytogenes spreads infection using a two-tiered strategy, where most bacteria spread locally but a few 'pioneers' move further, increasing the likelihood of a persistent infection.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    HIV efficiently infects T cells from the endometrium and remodels them to promote systemic viral spread

    Tongcui Ma et al.
    CD4+ T cells from the female reproductive tract are unusually susceptible to HIV infection and are altered by HIV in ways that promote survival and systemic spread of the virus.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Neck linker docking is critical for Kinesin-1 force generation in cells but at a cost to motor speed and processivity

    Breane G Budaitis et al.
    Force generation by kinesin motor proteins requires formation of both a 2-stranded cover-neck bundle and an asparagine-based latch for transport of membrane-bound cargoes in cells.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    HIV in Women: How HIV exploits T cells in the endometrium

    Marta Rodriguez-Garcia
    Immune cells in the endometrium are targeted by HIV and re-programmed to allow them to survive and spread the virus throughout the body.
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    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Incomplete inhibition of HIV infection results in more HIV infected lymph node cells by reducing cell death

    Laurelle Jackson et al.
    Under conditions where the force of HIV infection per cell is high, partial attenuation of infection with inhibitors can increase the number of live infected cells and may paradoxically be beneficial for viral spread.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Mutations: A larger target leads to faster evolution

    Bing Yang, Scott A Rifkin
    The speed at which a cell fate decision in nematode worms evolves is due to the number of genes that control the decision, rather than to a high mutation rate.
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    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Heterogeneous T cell motility behaviors emerge from a coupling between speed and turning in vivo

    Elizabeth R Jerison, Stephen R Quake
    Motile interstitial T cells in live zebrafish access a broad range of length-scales due to long-lived cell-intrinsic variation in speed, and a coupling between speed and directional persistence.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Cell-to-cell infection by HIV contributes over half of virus infection

    Shingo Iwami et al.
    The human immunodeficiency virus HIV-1 primarily spreads between cells using a method called cell-to-cell infection, suggesting that this process may be a target for anti-viral drugs.

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