1,587 results found
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Mannose receptor is an HIV restriction factor counteracted by Vpr in macrophages

    Jay Lubow et al.
    Interactions between HIV-1 Env and human mannose receptor enhance HIV entry but restrict viral egress and spread in the absence of Vpr.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Interferon lambda 4 impacts the genetic diversity of hepatitis C virus

    M Azim Ansari et al.
    Interferon lambda 4, a protein part of the innate immune response, drives major amino acids selection in patients chronically infected with hepatitis C virus.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Fragile X mental retardation protein is a Zika virus restriction factor that is antagonized by subgenomic flaviviral RNA

    Ruben Soto-Acosta et al.
    The Zika virus subgenomic flaviviral RNA binds to and inhibits the fragile X mental retardation protein, a novel Zika virus restriction factor.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure of the gene therapy vector, adeno-associated virus with its cell receptor, AAVR

    Nancy L Meyer et al.
    Cryo-electron microscopy reveals interactions at the interface between adeno-associated virus and its cellular receptor at 2.4Å resolution.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    16p11.2 microdeletion imparts transcriptional alterations in human iPSC-derived models of early neural development

    Julien G Roth et al.
    A model of in vitro human corticogenesis identifies alterations in gene expression caused by loss of 16p11.2 CNV genes in hiPSC-derived progenitor cells.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Herpes simplex viral nucleoprotein creates a competitive transcriptional environment facilitating robust viral transcription and host shut off

    Sarah E Dremel, Neal A DeLuca
    Herpes simplex ICP4 preferentially binds to and delineates the viral genome, ultimately resulting in robust viral transcription at the expense of the host.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Complement opsonization of HIV affects primary infection of human colorectal mucosa and subsequent activation of T cells

    Pradyot Bhattacharya et al.
    Complement opsonized HIV exposure gives rise to a colorectal mucosal environment with an initial suppressed antiviral response and increased infection of immune cells and altered activation of T cells.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    All-atom molecular dynamics of the HBV capsid reveals insights into biological function and cryo-EM resolution limits

    Jodi A Hadden et al.
    All-atom molecular dynamics of the HBV capsid supports a role for structural asymmetry in biological function, reveals the potential for triangular pores to mediate cellular signaling, and indicates that capsid flexibility may limit resolution attainable by cryo-EM.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    ATRX promotes maintenance of herpes simplex virus heterochromatin during chromatin stress

    Joseph M Cabral et al.
    Epigenetic restriction of herpes simplex virus occurs in a biphasic manner, in which ATRX maintains viral heterochromatin after an initial phase of chromatin deposition.
    1. Neuroscience

    Thalamocortical and corticothalamic pathways differentially contribute to goal-directed behaviors in the rat

    Fabien Alcaraz et al.
    Adaptive decision-making critically depends on antiparallel flows conveying distinct information within thalamocortical circuits, highlighting directionality of functional exchanges as a neural principle potentially at play in virtually any brain circuit with reciprocal projections.

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