1,061 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Coordinated control of terminal differentiation and restriction of cellular plasticity

    Tulsi Patel, Oliver Hobert
    Transcription factors that specify the identity of individual neuron types via activating terminal differentiation gene batteries also restrict cellular plasticity via altering the chromatin landscape.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Aneuploidy as a cause of impaired chromatin silencing and mating-type specification in budding yeast

    Wahid A Mulla et al.
    Genetic analyses reveal that purely quantitative changes in the relative copy number of chromosomes can be sufficient to disrupt the epigenetic mechanisms that define the cells' differentiated state.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Imaging-based chemical screening reveals activity-dependent neural differentiation of pluripotent stem cells

    Yaping Sun et al.
    A chemical screen reveals that a compound used to treat a parasitic disease can trigger pluripotent stem cells to become neurons, uncovering a novel mechanism behind neuronal development.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Generation of an expandable intermediate mesoderm restricted progenitor cell line from human pluripotent stem cells

    Nathan Kumar et al.
    An expandable cell population derived from human pluripotent stem cells exhibits properties of mesoderm and is restricted to differentiate into derivatives of intermediate mesoderm.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Wnt signaling-mediated redox regulation maintains the germ line stem cell differentiation niche

    Su Wang et al.
    Wnt signaling regulates cellular redox in the germline stem cell differentiation niche via a novel regulatory mechanism, thereby controlling germ line stem cell progeny differentiation.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Cancer-associated TERT promoter mutations abrogate telomerase silencing

    Kunitoshi Chiba et al.
    TERT promoter mutations impair TERT silencing upon cellular differentiation and are sufficient to facilitate cellular immortalization without additional tumor selected changes, explaining why they are associated with a very specific tumor spectrum.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    In vitro generation of human pluripotent stem cell derived lung organoids

    Briana R Dye et al.
    Directed differentiation of stem cells can generate ventral-anterior foregut spheroids that can expand into three-dimensional lung organoids with striking structural, cellular and molecular similarities to the human fetal lung.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Metabolism: Division of labor in bacteria

    Alma Dal Co et al.
    The emergence of subpopulations that perform distinct metabolic roles has been observed in populations of genetically identical bacteria.
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    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: Advancing biology through a deeper understanding of zebrafish ecology and evolution

    David M Parichy
    The zebrafish is a premier model organism for biomedical research, with a rich array of tools and genomic resources, and combining these with a fuller appreciation of wild zebrafish ecology could greatly extend its utility in biological research.

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