59 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Antibiotic Resistance: Finding the right sequence of drugs

    Anh Huynh, Kevin B Wood
    Rapidly switching between similar antibiotics may help to slow down the evolution of resistance.
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    1. Evolutionary Biology

    High potency of sequential therapy with only β-lactam antibiotics

    Aditi Batra et al.
    Sequential therapy with only β-lactam antibiotics achieves surprisingly high potency by exploiting both low rates of spontaneous resistance emergence and low rates of spontaneous cross-resistance among the drugs in sequence.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dual mechanisms of opioid-induced respiratory depression in the inspiratory rhythm-generating network

    Nathan A Baertsch et al.
    Opioids cause hyperpolarization and pre-synaptic suppression among a subset of preBötzinger Complex neurons to impair respiratory rhythmogenesis.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    High-resolution, genome-wide mapping of positive supercoiling in chromosomes

    Monica S Guo et al.
    GapR-seq enables the global mapping of positive supercoiling in bacteria and yeast, revealing positive supercoils downstream of highly expressed genes and, in yeast, associated with centromeres, pericentromeres, telomeres, replication origins, and R-loops.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Quantitative control of noise in mammalian gene expression by dynamic histone regulation

    Deng Tan et al.
    Ubiquitous transcriptional factor-CBP/p300 interaction induces epigenetic and transcriptional bimodality, which can be utilized to tune mean gene expression and noise independently.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    How subtle changes in 3D structure can create large changes in transcription

    Jordan Yupeng Xiao et al.
    Promoter futile cycles can explain how subtle differences in genome folding sometimes generate large difference in gene expression.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Price equation captures the role of drug interactions and collateral effects in the evolution of multidrug resistance

    Erida Gjini, Kevin B Wood
    A simple mathematical model reveals that antibiotic interactions and collateral effects of evolution are inseparable drivers of multidrug resistance linked by the well-known Price equation from evolutionary theory.
    1. Neuroscience

    Temporally delayed linear modelling (TDLM) measures replay in both animals and humans

    Yunzhe Liu et al.
    Temporally delayed linear modelling provides a domain-general linear framework for sequence detection and statistical testing, and is able to detect replays in both human neuroimaging and animal electrophysiology.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural determinants of voltage-gating properties in calcium channels

    Monica L Fernández-Quintero et al.
    Structure modeling, site-directed mutagenesis, and current recordings revealed the mechanism by which stabilization of voltage sensors in the resting and activated states determines the gating properties of the CaV1.1 calcium channel.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Exceptional stability of a perilipin on lipid droplets depends on its polar residues, suggesting multimeric assembly

    Manuel Giménez-Andrés et al.
    The amphipathic helix of perilipin 4 relies on the organization of its polar residues to form a remarkably immobile and stable protein layer on the surface of lipid droplets.

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