10,177 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Building a functional connectome of the Drosophila central complex

    Romain Franconville et al.
    The central complex, a highly conserved insect brain region important for navigation, is characterized by a high degree of recurrence and a sparseness of output pathways.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    An ancestral apical brain region contributes to the central complex under the control of foxQ2 in the beetle Tribolium

    Bicheng He et al.
    An ancestral apical brain center contributed to the evolution of the insect central complex requiring foxQ2, which is essential for the development of midline structures of the insect brain.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Architecture of TAF11/TAF13/TBP complex suggests novel regulation properties of general transcription factor TFIID

    Kapil Gupta et al.
    Integrative structural biology reveals a novel complex comprising the TATA-box-binding protein, TBP, and two subunits, TAF11 and TAF13, of General Transcription Factor TFIID, suggesting a new regulatory state in TFIID function in RNA polymerase II transcription initiation.
    1. Cell Biology

    Spatial sequestration and detoxification of Huntingtin by the ribosome quality control complex

    Junsheng Yang et al.
    A genome-wide screen in yeast reveals that key proteins in ribosome quality control also regulate mutant Huntingtin aggregation and toxicity.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    The exon junction complex regulates the splicing of cell polarity gene dlg1 to control Wingless signaling in development

    Min Liu et al.
    The exon junction complex regulates the cell polarity determinant Discs large 1, which acts independently from its role in cell polarity to protect Dishevelled protein from lysosomal degradation in Wingless/Wnt signaling.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    A multi-scale model for hair follicles reveals heterogeneous domains driving rapid spatiotemporal hair growth patterning

    Qixuan Wang et al.
    Regional differences in activator and inhibitor signals alter hair cycle pace across mouse skin and produce unique fur renewal 'landscapes', with fastest renewal on the ventrum and slowest renewal on the ear pinnae.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Cohesin and condensin extrude DNA loops in a cell cycle-dependent manner

    Stefan Golfier et al.
    Reconstitution of DNA loop extrusion in cellular contexts using Xenopus egg extracts shows that condensin extrudes DNA loops non-symmetrically in metaphase, whereas cohesin extrudes DNA loops symmetrically in interphase.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    The Rqc2/Tae2 subunit of the ribosome-associated quality control (RQC) complex marks ribosome-stalled nascent polypeptide chains for aggregation

    Ryo Yonashiro et al.
    Rqc2-mediated modification of ribosome-stalled nascent chains with "CAT tails" promotes formation of insoluble aggregates suggesting that proteins can become specifically marked for aggregation.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Neuroscience

    The accessory helix of complexin functions by stabilizing central helix secondary structure

    Daniel T Radoff et al.
    A deeply conserved feature of complexin's secondary structure underlies its inhibitory function despite poor primary sequence conservation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Atoh1-dependent rhombic lip neurons are required for temporal delay between independent respiratory oscillators in embryonic mice

    Srinivasan Tupal et al.
    The rhythmic patterns of activity that underlie breathing are generated and coordinated by distinct populations of neurons within the brainstem.

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